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Part IV Bullying in Other Contexts Legal Constructions of Personhood: Their Nexus with the Trafficking of Human Beings Karen E. Bravo Abstract Who is a ‘person?’ Are all human beings ‘persons’? Are victims, prisoners, legal immigrants, or individuals who have been trafficked

In: BULLYING: An assault on human dignity
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The International Journal of Children’s Rights 10: 201–232, 2002. © 2002 Kluwer Law International. Printed in the Netherlands. 201 An age of reason: Paradoxes in the U.S. legal construction of adulthood LAURIE SCHAFFNER University of Illinois at Chicago Introduction The legal status of majority

In: The International Journal of Children's Rights
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BETROTHAL OF AN ADULT WOMAN BY AN AGENT IN GEONIC RESPONSA: LEGAL CONSTRUCTION IN ACCORD WITH ISLAMIC LAW1 Gideon Libson Hebrew University, Jerusalem Several important studies have recently been devoted to the question of the marriage age of men and women, respectively, in

In: Esoteric and Exoteric Aspects in Judeo-Arabic Culture
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CHAPTER II Traditions of the Western Child: The Social and Legal Constructions of Innocence and the Standard of the Best Interests of the Child 1. Introduction This chapter seeks to expand upon the contention that a deconstructive analysis of the legal and social traditions surrounding

In: The Standard of the Best Interests of the Child
In: Tilburg Law Review
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The regulations pertaining to Islamic charity taxation illuminate underappreciated dimensions of how Muslims defined identity boundaries in late antiquity. To demarcate the contours of a historical process of Muslim identity construction, I analyze Islamic jurisprudential debates about who is and who is not obligated to pay the charity tax. Most late antique and medieval jurists made the charity tax incumbent on minors or others lacking full legal capacity, even though these groups were exempt from “for-thedivine” practices. I suggest Muslim citizenship as a framework for understanding late antique Muslim identity. Because charity tax liability had socio-political and economic implications, it functioned simultaneously as a gate into and out of a Muslim community. This article contributes to the discourse on Islamic beginnings by exploring the intricacies of Muslim self-conceptions in late antiquity.


In: Islamic Law and Society
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Who is a ‘person?’ Are all human beings ‘persons’? Are victims, prisoners, legal immigrants, or individuals who have been trafficked ‘persons’ or ‘quasi-persons’ under contemporary law? Was a slave a ‘person’ under existing law? This project identifies and critically examines the construction of varying and sometimes overlapping categories and hierarchies of personhood and their impact on the trafficking in human beings. The term ‘person’ is ubiquitous in the legal literature – in statutes, constitutions and treaties. It is deployed and manipulated by courts and legislatures to give and withhold rights to groups and individuals. When and how do protective impulses become transformed and hardened into the legal system’s facilitation of exploitation? What is the disconnect between the biological existence of a person and the legal recognition and protection of such existence? Where legal recognition and protection of personhood is withheld from individuals and groups, the opportunity for exploitation, including human trafficking, is increased. How and why is quasi-personhood constructed within a legal system so as to normalize the exclusion of certain groups and set the stage for their exploitation by others within the society? How and when does the manipulation of the concept of personhood and/or the legal distinction between persons and quasipersons pervert the society’s ideals, furthering and maintaining the exploitation, including enslavement, of some by others? What is the connection to the differing economic power of groups and/or interests in the society and/or to moral, ethical, and philosophical ideals? The project uses a historical perspective, including exploration of the evolution and continuity between quasi-personhood under slavery and contemporary laws, and the role of quasi-personhood in creating human vulnerability to commodification and human trafficking.

In: BULLYING: An assault on human dignity
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), University of Oxford, UK Abstract This article empirically analyses the political and legal construction of irregular migration across selected member states of the European Union. First, it considers how policies lay the preconditions for irregular migration. Second, it explores the role of politics and law

In: European Journal of Migration and Law
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School of Xiangtan University. I. The Criminal Litigation System In 2006 China made new progress in the criminal litigation field in the following aspects: The first was in the legal construction of criminal litigation and the second

in Chinese Research Perspectives Online