Semantic Spaces of Persian Light Verbs

A Constructionist Account

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Neiloufar Family

In Semantic Spaces of Persian Light Verbs, Neiloufar Family exposes the semantic organization of light verb constructions in Persian. By clustering constructions based on semantic properties, she provides an insightful and more global view of a system that has been notoriously difficult to classify.

Using diagrams as visual aids, Neiloufar Family takes a novel, bottom-up approach to analysing the light verb system, starting from small sets of constructions and mapping out consistent patterns. Her analysis leads to a deeper understanding of the structure of semantic spaces within the verbal system in Persian, and other languages that use light verbs. This research provides a blueprint for understanding existing verbal constructions and productively creating new ones.

T.-H. Jonah LIN

Traditionally, the term light verb refers to semantically bleached verbs such as take in English and suru ‘do’ in Japanese (Campbell 1989; Grimshaw and Mester 1988). It has acquired another meaning in syntactic theory as the head of a transitive predicate, represented as v (Chomsky 1995). The light

Melanie Green and Gabriel Ozón

small set of frequently occurring verbs, some of which also occur in the light verb construction, which in turn represents another verbalisation strategy. We argue that Thomason and Kaufman’s (1988 ) model allows an explanatory account of the presence of these valency and transitivity features in cpe

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Denis Creissels

Abstract

The Obligatory Coding Principle accounts for the inventories of possible coding frames in languages that, according to the current terminology, can be characterized as consistently accusative or consistently ergative in their system of argument coding. In coding frame inventories fully consistent with the Obligtory Coding principle, every coding frame includes a given type of coding, either A (in obligatory A coding languages) or P (in obligatory P coding languages). However, languages with coding frame inventories violating this principle are not exceptional. This paper examines the questions raised by light verb constructions with respect to the Obligatory Coding Principle, in particular the possible impact of the univerbation of light verb constructions on argument coding systems initially consistent with the principle or obligatory P coding. The discussion is based on an analysis of the role of the univerbation of light verb compounds in the changes that have affected the situation of Basque with respect to the Obligatory Coding Principle, and a comparison of the situation of Basque with that of Andic languages (East Caucasian).

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Víctor Acedo-Matellán and Anna Pineda

1 Introduction 1.1 What is a Light Verb Construction? When Virginia Woolf writes in her diary I took a walk by myself , instead of I walked by myself , she is choosing to linguistically construe a particular conceptual scene by means of a L(ight) V(erb) C(onstruction). In these constructions the

Stavrakaki

/pointing task, lexical diversity, light verbs, lexical access, lexical representation" SIZE HEIGHT "220" WIDTH "150" VOFFSET "4"> Some experimental data from Modern Greek * <LINK "sta-n*"> Stavroula Stavrakaki University of Thessaloniki The aim of this study is to investigate the verb lexicons of Greek children

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Josiah Walters

In A Grammar of Dazaga, Josiah Walters provides the first detailed description and analysis of Dazaga (a Saharan language) in the past half-century. Based on a review of previous work on Dazaga, and with his own more recent data, the author describes the phonology, morphology, and syntax of Dazaga. He provides a new analysis of the categorization of verbs in to classes, demonstrating the prominence of light verb constructions in Dazaga. His analysis of the syntax brings to light several striking features of Dazaga, including optional ergative case marking, mixed alignment of objects, a variety of causative constructions, and verb serialization. Throughout the work, the author relates his findings to work on related languages and to recent typological studies.

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Edited by Léa Nash and Pollet Samvelian

Complex predicates can be loosely defined as a sequence of items that behave as a single predicate, projecting a single argument structure within a clause. Each of the members of the predicate contributes part of the information ordinarily associated with a single head.
The present volume presents a collection of theoretical linguistic results on the study of complex predicates in different perspectives and with a variety of approaches. Important empirical and theoretical issues cutting across various subfields of linguistics are being addressed in this book, such as :
• Syntactic and semantic modeling of complex predicate formation: compositionality, argument structure, event structure.
• Differences between syntactic and morphological processes of lexeme formation.
• Typological and diachronic issues in complex predicate formation.
• Neo-Davidsonian analyses of abstract predicate decomposition and its morphological correlates

Contributors are: Ane Berro, Denis Creissels, Hannah Gibson, Adele Goldberg, Lutz Marten, Annie Montaut, Léa Nash, Pooja Paul, Pollet Samvelian, Peter Svenonius, and Susanne Wurmbrand.