Kaden Alvayero, Kobi’s Zarko’s grandmother and the protagonist of the anecdotes ( Kobi Zarko’s collection, photo reprinted with permission ).
Both anecdotes illustrate the linguisticadmixture of the Ladino speaker in Israel, the difficulty in adopting the Hebrew
allegiance of the population. The high degree of ethnic, religious and linguisticadmixture ordinarily characteris- tic of Macedonia as a whole seems to have been particularly acute in this area where overlapping Christian (Bulgarian Exarchist vs. Greek Orthodox vs. Serbian Orthodox), national (Bulgarian vs
score to ‘linguisticadmixture,’ i.e. the diffusion of linguistic features between one or more of the core languages and the high-scoring peripheral language, with the result that it exhibits a mixture of core and non-core features. If the distribution of high-scoring languages makes no sense