utterances are felicitous or infelicitous. 3 We can call the speakers’ responses here linguistic intuitions. We then need to explain why speakers have these intuitions, and a high premium is placed on explanations that appeal only to the semantics of Φ, as opposed to explanations that appeal to
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Their Doctrine and their History. A Contribution to the History of Islamic Theology
The individual that adheres to the principles of madhhab al-Ẓāhir, the Islamic legal school, is called Ẓāhirī. Goldziher gives an extensive presentation of the Ẓāhirīte school, its doctrine and the position of its representatives within orthodox Islam. Ẓāhirism accepts only the facts clearly revealed by sensible, rational and linguistic intuitions, controlled and corroborated by Qurʾānic revelation. This history of Islamic theology sheds light on the Ẓāhirīte legal interpretation vis-à-vis other legal schools and gives an interesting insight in questions like ‘are all prescriptions and prohibitions in Islamic law commanded or forbidden?’
The main concern of this paper will be to demonstrate corpus-based analysis and informants’ intuition as native speakers being mutually essential for a thorough understanding of authentic language use. Corpus-based analysis has been utilised by many linguists to determine appropriate word or phrase usage. However, in such analyses, the statistically imperfect properties of the corpora in question were not considered. Thus, the possibility that the corpora indeed may not appropriately represent language use was ignored. On the other hand, other linguists advocate the validity of informants’ intuition as native speakers, not paying sufficient heed to the deviation of linguistic intuition from actual language use. To clarify the significance of the collaboration of corpus-derived information and informants’ intuition, it will be shown by thorough investigation of ‘NP1 + promise + NP2 + to-clause,’ ‘ill + personal noun,’ and ‘just now’ with the present perfect aspect that the results of corpus-based quantitative analysis and intuition-based qualitative analysis can differ significantly. The matter of corpus representativeness will then be discussed, dealing with the frequency distributions of ‘subject-to-subject raising and extraposed that-clauses controlled by likely,’ ‘major modal auxiliaries’ (will, would, can, could, may, might, should and must) and three synonymous adjectives (big, large and great). Finally an investigation of the use of ‘lest …(should)… ’and ‘introductory which’ will bring to light the deviation of linguistic intuition from actual language use.
it is still at issue whether the notion of a word has been always alien to both the indigenous Chinese philological tradition and the linguistic intuition of native speakers of Chinese, as is usually a...
experiment have nothing to do with whether semantic intuitions are universal or not. 3.2 Linguistic Intuitions and Metalinguistic Intuitions Genoveva Martí (2009) points out that the results of the survey are about metalinguistic intuitions rather than linguistic intuitions. Metalinguistic intuition is a
Charles C. Hinkley II
attempt to avoid the ad hoc fallacy would be to see if such a belief squares with other linguistic intuitions. Serafini believes looking to broader linguistic usage suggests otherwise. For example, he claims that saying “bigamy is moral” attempts to describe bigamy even if it can also be said to mean
presents himself as an exponent of a trend in general linguistics, in which it is common practice to make your own linguistic intuitions object of enquiry and to fabricate your own examples. Whatever the merit of this practice in the case of one’s native language, in the study of a dead literary language
). Since this is only the first stage in the development of Brentano’s theory, I prefer to avoid any formalism at this stage. 10 It could be argued that our linguistic intuition may lead us to interpret this sentence as meaning “There is some unwise man and he is denied”. However, the sentence
authentic data are needed, but there is no doubt either that our investigations will always require more data than (what may be) collected: our corpora, which are only corpora, i.e. carefully selected data, will never be exhaustive. Human beings (linguists) and their linguistic intuitions will always be
James R. Beebe and Ryan Undercoffer
case Gödel should not have claimed credit for the incompleteness theorem is a linguistic intuition. Machery et al. ( 2009 ) responded to this criticism by collecting further empirical data on the Gödel2 case that showed that the metalinguistic intuitions of participants from India, France, and