behaviors. Here we examine two case studies in which this occurs: first, the emergence of literacy from the behavior of writing, which ultimately yielded meta-awareness of conceptual domains, and second, change in lithic technologies and associated behaviors that may index the emergence of conceptual

In: Journal of Cognition and Culture
Editors-in-Chief: Robin McCoy Brooks and Erik Goodwyn
The International Journal of Jungian Studies (IJJS) bridges the professional, clinical, and academic worlds of Jungian Studies for an international audience. It brings Jungian theory and practice into dialogue and debate with a wide variety of academic areas of study, and therapeutic concerns.

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Introduction Lithic miniaturization, systematically producing and using small stone tools by controlled fracture, is among hominin lithic technology’s most distinctive characteristics (Pargeter & Shea 2019). Assemblages containing detached flakes, retouched tools, and cores less than 25-50 mm

In: Journal of African Archaeology
Philological and Historical Commentary to Ammianus Marcellinus' Res Gestae
Ammianus Marcellinus Online is the digital version of the standard and the only complete commentary on Ammianus’ Res Gestae, by J. den Boeft, D. den Hengst, H.C. Teitler and J.W. Drijvers (books 20-31), and P. de Jonge (books 14-19). Their philological and historical commentary has received much praise in the international scholarly world, and has been completed in 2018.
Ammianus Marcellinus Online includes the commentaries to books 14-31 of Res Gestae as well as two full text editions in Latin on which the commentaries are based (Clark, 1910 and Seyfarth, 1978).
Ammianus Marcellinus (4th century CE) was a Roman soldier, historian and author of Res Gestae, a major historical work on the history of Rome from the period of Emperor Nerva (96 CE) to the death of Emperor Valens (378 CE). Res Gestae originally consisted of thirty-one books, although the first thirteen books have been lost. The surviving eighteen books (books 14-31) cover the period from 353 to 378. The work is of great importance to scholars in Roman history, Latin philology, military history and historiography in general.

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    - Bryn Mawr Classical Review 2018.09.50
The Encyclopaedia of Islam Online (EI Online) is a unique and invaluable reference tool, an essential key to understanding the world of Islam. Brill was the first academic publisher to publish an encyclopedia on Islam, and the Encyclopaedia remains a cornerstone of its publishing program. The Encyclopaedia is a large-scale collective reference work compiled by the most prominent scholars in the field, touching on all aspects of Islam from the time of the Prophet to the present day.

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  • Social and economic development plans

    The largest and most complete file of recent national development plans in existence (available by region). Reports come from a variety of collections including:
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    A printed catalogue with title list arranged by region and country is available.

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    General
    Africa
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    Language note
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    British Intelligence on China in Tibet, 1903-1950
    India Office Political and Secret Files and Confidential Print

    India Office Political and Secret Files and Confidential Print
    In addition, significant material is included that will provide insights into diplomatic, governmental and intelligence missions and contacts of the three major powers involved (Britain, Russia and China). This release was preceded by the release of “The India Political Intelligence (IPI) Files, 1912-1950”.

    Different imperatives
    Much of the value of this collection lies in the way it shows how the three players on the British side – that is, the Government of India, the India Office, and the Foreign Office – grappled with different imperatives. The view from the British Embassy in Peking, and later from wartime Chungking, was frequently at odds with that from Delhi or the India Office. For decades, the British side juggled with the self-imposed conundrum that recognition of Chinese suzerainty should be conditional upon China’s recognition of Tibetan autonomy, while avoiding precise definitions of either concept. Meanwhile, Tibet went its own way in a semi-independent limbo, subject to varying degrees of British intervention and support channeled through Government of India officials at Gyantse and Gartok (in Sikkim), or latterly in its Lhasa Mission.

    Historical status
    The collection begins with Lord Curzon’s “forward policy” of 1903-04, which was designed to create a Tibetan buffer state against Russian influence - significantly, all this material was printed by the Foreign Office. Then follow negotiations to keep Russia at a distance, and the return of the 13th Dalai Lama to Tibet from China. There is extensive coverage of Tibet’s break with China after the 1911 Revolution, the subsequent Simla Conference of 1912, and the delimitation of Tibet’s borders.
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    Internal affairs
    Tibet’s internal affairs and British encouragement of de facto semi-independence during the 1920s and 1930s, led to a renewed concern for Chinese Nationalist claims during World War II. Particularly interesting from this period are the files on the “discovery” of the 14th (i.e., the present) Dalai Lama in 1937-39. The collection ends with the complete reversal following the Independence of India and Pakistan in 1947, and the Communist victory in China.

    Provenance & historical background
    All the files and related confidential print reproduced, form part of the papers of the Political & Secret Department in the India Office Records (with the exception of three items from the Military Department and its World War II offshoot, the War Staff – Fiche 29-35 and 299).
    The files comprise a wide variety of papers received from the Government of India Foreign Department and other sources in India, and from the Foreign Office in London, together with India Office-generated minutes, comments, and replies. In 1982 the Foreign & Commonwealth Office transferred the administration of the India Office Library & Records to the British Library, where it now forms a part of the Library’s Oriental & India Office Collections.

    A.J. Farrington, Former Deputy Director Oriental & India Office Collections, The British Library

    This collection includes the sections:
    Younghusband Mission to the Revolution, 1903-1912
    Revolution in China, 1911-1915
    Simla Conference and the 1914 Convention
    Internal Affairs and Boundaries
    Travellers and Entry Control
    Trade, 1904-1949
    Education for Modernisation, 1912-1947
    14th Dalai Lama, WW II & Comunist China, 1933-1950
    Brill's Asian Studies E-Books Online, Collection 2007 is the electronic version of the book publication program of Brill in the field of Asian Studies in 2007.
    Coverage: China, Japan, Korea, Tibet, Central Asia, South Asia, South East Asia, History, Archeology, Sociology, Anthropology, Religion, Philosophy, Languages
    This E-Book Collection is part of Brill's Asian Studies E-Books Online Collection.
    The title list and free MARC records are available for download here.

    For other pricing options, consortium arrangements and free 30-day trials contact us at sales-us@brill.com (the Americas) or sales-nl@brill.com (Europe, Middle East, Africa & Asia-Pacific).
    Brill's Asian Studies E-Books Online, Collection 2010 is the electronic version of the book publication program of Brill in the field of Asian Studies in 2010.
    Coverage: China, Japan, Korea, Tibet, Central Asia, South Asia, South East Asia, History, Archeology, Sociology, Anthropology, Religion, Philosophy, Languages
    This E-Book Collection is part of Brill's Asian Studies E-Books Online Collection.
    The title list and free MARC records are available for download here.

    For other pricing options, consortium arrangements and free 30-day trials contact us at sales-us@brill.com (the Americas) or sales-nl@brill.com (Europe, Middle East, Africa & Asia-Pacific).

    eastern African Rift Valley sites. Therefore, analyzing lithic production strategies in the South African Oldowan is critical for developing a wider perspective on this matter and provides opportunities for future comparative research. To investigate lithic production in the South African Oldowan, this

    In: Journal of African Archaeology