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Legitimacy of European Citizenship

Do Europeans believe that all eu Citizens should have the Right to Vote in another eu Country?

Jürgen Gerhards, Holger Lengfeld and Sophia Schubert

. Based on a representative survey conducted in three eu member states (Spain, Poland, and Germany), we examine the extent to which European citizens accept the Europeanisation of local voting rights. In the first section we explain the theoretical framework of our analysis. For the idea of political

Eide

acquisition of citizenship for members of minorities should be reduced. Forms of participation by resident non-citizens should also be developed, including local voting rights after a certain period of res- idence and inclusion of elected non-citizen observers in municipal, regional and national

Dirk Jacobs

the end grant local voting rights to EU citizens in 1999.1' The Constitution had been changed in 1998, allowing equal enfranchisement of third-country nationals from 2001 onwards, but attempts to change the electoral law and effectively grant local voting rights to all foreign residents failed in 2002

Low Choo Chin

levels should be restricted to the Volk as defined by the Constitution. 56 Three years after the Court decided against the extension of local voting rights to non-nationals, European Union (EU) citizenship came into being. The signing of the Maastricht Treaty by Germany on 12 October 1993 meant

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Elspeth Guild

. Groenendijk K. (2008), Local voting rights for non-nationals in Europe: what we know and what we need to learn , Brussels : Migration Policy Institute . Groenendijk K. ( 2011 ), ‘ Pre-departure integration strategies in the European Union: integration or immigration policy? ’, European Journal of

Groenendijk and Guild

. In Belgium a constitutional amendment has been adopted allowing for local voting rights to be extended to resident third country nationals after the year 2001. In Italy the provision in the 1998 14 [1997] 23 EHRR 364. CONVERGING CRITERIA 45 Immigration Act extending active or passive voting

Tomoko Yamashita

persons lacking nationality even if they are granted long-term or permanent working and residence permits based on their family ties, even if they reside with their families, have the local voting rights, and the right to receive social security from the state where they live. The second and more

Anja Wiesbrock

Communication, Annual Report on Immigration and Asylum (2010), COM(2011) 291 final, 24.05.2011. 148) This restriction has now been removed. See ex Article 68 EC as well as Article 276 TFEU. 149) This is already practised in several Member States, see Groenendijk, K., Local Voting Rights for Non

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Milan Zafirovski

Netherlands, Sweden, and New Zealand allow noncitizens local voting rights.’ In turn, Ceobanu and Escandell (2010, p. 310) find that ‘North Americans have become more supportive of immigration as time has passed, but the attitudinal gap between the two national populations (Canada and the United States