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Zannatul Farhana and Jun Ohtomi

Parapenaeus fissuroides Crosnier, 1985 in Kagoshima Bay. The growth performance index ( Ø ′ ) was higher for females (3.04) than males (2.83), indicating that females grew faster than males of the same age. The longevity was estimated to be around 2 years for males and 2.5 years for females based

N. Sasanelli, M. Serino and M.I. Coiro

FECUNDITY AND LONGEVITY OF INDIVIDUAL XIPHINEMA IFACOLUM (NEMATODA: DORYLAIMIDAE) ON TOMATO BY M. 1. COIRO, N. SASANELLI and M. SERINO Istituto di Nematologia Agraria, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Via Amendola 165/A, 70126 Bari, Italy Female Xiphinema ifacolum from a population from

Baten, Jörg and Schwekendiek, Daniel

Longevity refers to the length of the life span of humans, animals and plants.  Although with regard to humans there are neither biological nor demographic criteria for the time when an individual has reached an exceptional point of old age, in demographic research such persons are generally

Ali İhsan Eroğlu, Ufuk Bülbül, Muammer Kurnaz and Yasemin Odabaş

assess the relationships of longevity and age at sexual maturity with sexual size dimorphism (SSD) and growth rates. Material and methods A total of 93 Podarcis muralis individuals (43 ♂♂ and 50 ♀♀) were caught in the present study. Lizards were collected from two populations: 53 individuals (21 ♂♂ and

Ufuk Bülbül, Muammer Kurnaz, Ali İhsan Eroğlu, Halime Koç and Bilal Kutrup

detailed studies including population dynamics (age structure, size, longevity and age of maturation) and life threats (habitat degradations and declining of individuals in the life area) of the species. Darevskia clarkorum is classified as EN (Endangered) in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Animals. For

Ufuk Bülbül, Muammer Kurnaz, Ali İhsan Eroğlu, Halime Koç and Bilal Kutrup

recently performed (Altunışık et al., 2013 ; Arakelyan et al., 2013 ; Tok et al., 2013 ; Gül et al., 2014 , 2015 ; Üzüm et al., 2014 , 2015 ; Kanat & Tok, 2015 ; Yakın & Tok, 2015 ). Environmental factors such as elevation, drought, and climate in the habitats of lizards affect their longevity and

Nurhayat Özdemir, Abdullah Altunışık, Tuğba Ergül, Serkan Gül, Murat Tosunoğlu, Giorgia Cadeddu and Cristina Giacoma

rates, age at maturity and longevity. The interaction of environmental factors on each of these processes can strengthen or attenuate the extent of growth in a complex scenario. In our study, we find a positive significant correlation between body size (SVL) and age for both sexes, in all the three

Eliza Pourtaghi, Asghar Shirvani and Maryam Rashki

& Yokomi, 1995 ). It is an abiotic key factor that influences insect population dynamics and its seasonal occurrence (Campbell et al., 1974 ; Logan et al., 1976 ), and can change the development rate and longevity of aphid parasitoids (Tsai, 1998 ). As reported in several studies, temperature

YEHUDAH L. WERNER, ELIEZER FRANKENBERG, MICHAL VOLOKITA and RUTH HARARI

REFERENCES Allee W.C. Emerson A.E. Park O. Parie T. Schmidt K.P. Principles of Animal Ecology Saunders Philadelphia 1949 837 Anastasiadis J.M. Whitaker A.H. Longevity of free-living Hoplodactylus maculatus (Reptilia: Gekkonidae) N. Z. J. Ecol 1987 10 141 142 Arad Z. Raber P

J.J. Beukema

("ecological longevity") meets with several difficulties. Using as an example a long-term data series of a tidal-flat population of the edible cockle, Cerastoderma (Cardium) edule, it is shown that the age of the oldest individual found depends on the sampling effort (both sizc of area sampled and duration of