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Zhi Li, Yan Ma, Xuan Liu, Yi Li and Fangyin Dai

proposed based on the biosynthetic mechanisms, biological functions, peptide properties, covalent bonding pattern, 3D structure, and molecular targets, respectively (Wang, 2015). A well-known classification approach is on the basis of the secondary structure; it categorizes AMPs into four families, α

Georg Gangl

types and tokens. The subject matter of the historical sciences are non-replicable concrete events and states of affairs whereas the theoretical sciences explain types, that is, more stable and robust entities and mechanisms that lead to recurrent patterns of events, often but not always with the help

Emergent Mechanisms

Reductive Explanation for Limited Beings

Ramiro Glauer

Is our mind explainable in terms of neural mechanisms? How we concieve of ourselves seems strongly to depend on how we respond to this question. In the present work an attempt at an affirmative answer is made. Currently, there are good reasons to believe that we can give a neural-mechanical explanation of how our mind works. In order to show this, first, a concept of mechanistic explanation is developed that is applicable to biological cognitive systems. This accomodates the fact that biological systems are usually complex, integrated systems that cannot be decomposed into a relatively small number of working parts like a clockwork. Complex biological mechanisms exhibit emergent behavior. The complexity of biological systems can be tackled with the aid of a number of methods of analysis. Models of a whole human brain are, for instance, well in reach that can be used to find integrated mechanistic explanations of cognitive capacities. Mind would thus be qualitatively reducible to neural mechanisms.

Jon K. Burmeister

determinations—parts, members, indifference, reciprocity, and mechanism—that clarify Hegel’s claim that logic is something living. In addition to contrasting Hegel’s idea of logic with formal logic, I will contrast logical life with natural life toward the end of the essay, showing why Hegel views the latter as

Mechanisms of Exchange

Transmission in Medieval Art and Architecture of the Mediterranean, ca. 1000-1500

Edited by Heather Grossman and Alicia Walker

Featuring eight innovative studies by prominent scholars of medieval art and architecture, this special issue of Medieval Encounters examines the specific means by which art and architectural forms, techniques, and ideas were transmitted throughout the medieval world (ca. 1000-1500). While focusing on the Mediterranean region, the collection also includes essays that expand this geographic zone into a cultural and artistic one by demonstrating contact with near and distant neighbors, thereby allowing an expanded understanding of the interconnectedness of the medieval world. The studies are united by a focus on the specific mechanisms that enabled artistic and architectural interaction, as well as the individuals who facilitated these transmissions. Authors also consider the effects and collaboration of portable and monumental arts in the creation of intercultural artistic traditions.
Contributors are: Justine Andrews, Maria Georgopoulou, Ludovico Geymonat, Heather E. Grossman, Eva Hoffman, Melanie Michailidis, Renata Holod, Scott Redford and Alicia Walker.

Martin Lang and Radek Kundt

dismissed by the scientific community (e.g., Geertz 2008: 9-12; Schjoedt 2009: 316-318), and new research focused on the study of brain mechanisms related only to very specific religious phenomena (Inzlicht, McGregor, Hirsh, & Nash 2009; Schjoedt, Stødkilde-Jørgensen, Geertz, & Roepstorff 2009), the

Lucia Vaina, Finnegan Calabro, Elif Sikoglu and Scott Beardsley

Seeing and Perceiving 23 (2010) 197–221 Integration Mechanisms for Heading Perception Elif M. Sikoglu 1 , Finnegan J. Calabro 1 , Scott A. Beardsley 1 , 2 and Lucia M. Vaina 1 , 3 , ∗ 1 Brain and Vision Research Laboratory, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Boston University, 44

Robert S. Schmidt

CENTRAL MECHANISMS OF FROG CALLING by ROBERT S. SCHMIDT 1) (Institute for the Study of Mind, Drugs, and Behavior, Stritch School of Medicine, Hines, III. 60141, U.S.A.) 1) This work was supported by Career Development Award NB-K3-9513 from the National Institute of Neurological Diseases and

Richard E. Bissell

international accountability mechanisms ( IAM s) in the international financial institution universe clearly falls in the improbable third category. The fact that the IAM s emerged in a banking sector noted for secrecy, opening windows on organisations where the public and beneficiaries had no seat at the

Hans-Joachim Bischof

Animal Biology , Vol. 53, No. 2, pp. 89-112 (2003) Ó Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2003. Also available online - Neural mechanisms of sexual imprinting HANS-JOACHIM BISCHOF ¤ Fakultät Biologie, Universität Bielefeld, Lehrstuhl Verhaltensforschung,Postfach 10 01 31, 33501 Bielefeld