details of one child’s deeply intimate moments, the central metonym of the child/caregiver, and the contrasting first person child narrator all serve to round out the simplistic cultural trope of the abandoned refugee child. The first section of this article looks at aesthetic and cultural

In: Global Responsibility to Protect

child’s deeply intimate moments, the central metonym of the child/caregiver, and the contrasting first person child narrator all serve to round out the simplistic cultural trope of the abandoned refugee child. The first section of this article looks at aesthetic and cultural representational tropes in

In: Children and the Responsibility to Protect
Author: John Harnett

The graphic novel can offer a rich source of alternative, yet correlative, perspectives on how narrative operates. Alternative on an aesthetic level, given the unique sense of fragmentation delivered through panel layout and alignment on each page. Correlative in that the ideas it is capable of expressing appeal to established practices of discourse. The particular discourses employed in the chapter are psychoanalysis and semiotics. To aid this process key moments from Frank Miller and Klaus Janson’s Batman: The Dark Knight Returns and Alan Moore and Eddie Campbell’s From Hell have been selected. Focus on these particular graphic novels is based on the fact that the protagonists of each offer up a rich source of investigation into the subconscious disparity that arises as a result of over-investment in the Freudian concept of the dream-work. By viewing each protagonist through the scope of Freudian terminology it is intended to demonstrate that the panel can be read as a psychoanalytical device in itself, representing, in essence, the narratological equivalent of a Rorschach card. It will be argued that such a reading permits access to the depths of a protagonist’s psychological make-up. The secondary focus of the chapter, one very much intertwined with the psychoanalytical approach, is to demonstrate how the graphic novel can take terminology from the discourse of semiotics and effectively adapt it to suit such an inter-disciplinary medium. Drawing on semiotic research in such areas as metonymic representation it will be demonstrated how the operative functions both within and between corresponding panels on a page can be reread as symbolic representations of familiar terms within the field of semiotics. Terms covered shall include metonym, synecdoche, and displacement. Both approaches are drawn on to highlight how such a malleable medium can represent a fresh canvass upon which to screen enduring practices of narrative discourse.

In: Frame Escapes: Graphic Novel Intertexts
In: Babylon or New Jerusalem?
Metaphor, Semantics and Divine Imagery
Author: David H. Aaron
Ancient texts are ambiguous, and the Hebrew Bible is no exception. One might even frame the history of a religion as a history of a belief system’s management of ambiguity. Applying a linguistic model, Aaron systematically examines and veritably celebrates this inherent ambiguity in order to understand God-related idioms in the Hebrew Bible, more specifically, whether a particular idiom is meant to be understood metaphorically. Aaron examines the original intent of the writers of biblical literature and suggests that one can conceptualize texts as metonyms for their authors and their historical contexts. Through an in-depth exploration of semantic theory, Aaron places metaphor on a non-binary “continuum of meaning” instead of using a limiting either/or conception of figurative speech. Aaron challenges current methodologies that dominate biblical scholarship regarding metaphor and offers original, viable alternatives to the standard approaches. This interdisciplinary project takes into consideration a broad range of issues, which point to further areas of study. Aaron’s model for gradient judgements, that is, a method for judging statements and placing them on a “continuum of meaning,” offers a new building block for biblical study and interpretation.

Please note that Biblical Ambiguities was previously published by Brill in hardback (ISBN 90 04 12032 7), still available)
In: Post-Empire Imaginaries?
In: The Cross-Cultural Legacy
In: Anne Duden: A Revolution of Words
This pioneering collection of new essays challenges established modes of reading American lyric poetry, by orientating interpretation so that it incorporates an awareness of the book context in which individual poems are embedded. These essays critically explore individual books by Walt Whitman, Wallace Stevens, Robert Frost, Ezra Pound, Hart Crane, William Carlos Williams, Randall Jarrell, Robert Lowell, Adrienne Rich, Susan Howe, Lyn Hejinian and Jorie Graham, and consider the book as a restrictive, “binding” concept for Emily Dickinson and some contemporary American poets. Rebound both provides innovative readings of supposedly familiar poets and books, and also generates critical strategies for renewed engagement with American poetry traditions. As a “speaking whole” Rebound addresses a rich variety of topics: intentionality as hermeneutic; the architecture and artefacture of the book; gender identity and the book; the positioning of the book in postmodern poetics; the consequences of textual history for interpretation and reception; and the American poetry book as metonym for nation.
Contributors: Domhnall Mitchell, Eldrid Herrington, Charles Altieri, Stephen Matterson, Stephen Wilson, Maria Irene Ramalho De Sousa Santos, Ron Callan, Michael Hinds, Gareth Reeves, Lucy Collins, Justin Quinn, Nerys Williams and Nick Selby. Charles Bernstein’s “The Book as Architecture” is reprinted as an Afterword.
Author: Ellen van Wolde

the expression “this sun” in v. 11 is based on the assumed relationship between David and the object. In other words, the collocation refers, in the story world of 2 Sam. 12:11, to a tangible object, and functions in the discourse world as a metonym, as a language sign that receives its meaning by the

In: Biblical Interpretation