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National heroes are important in the development of nationalist thinking. One important figure in this context is General Yue Fei (1103–42), who unsuccessfully fought the invading Jurchen in the twelfth century. Shortly after his execution, a temple was built in his honour in Hangzhou. Local chronicles show that this temple was constantly renovated in later dynasties. Due to his continuous worship as a loyal warrior—even during the Qing dynasty—his temple became a powerful site of identity. His veneration as a national hero in the course of the twentieth century has, however, posed a problem to a post-1911 China that felt compelled to sustain a multi-ethnic nation-state, whilst at the same time facing the difficulty of not being able to do without General Yue Fei. This article shall make it apparent that his resurrection as a national hero in the twentieth century was possible because of certain narrative strategies that had already been propagated by the Manchurian rulers of the eighteenth century

In: Frontiers of History in China
Author: Mirjam Rajner

art of fallen artists of Jewish origin, primarily Bora Baruh and Daniel Ozmo, as “national heroes and victims of fascism.” On 25 March 1945, he opened the commemorative “Exhibition of Eight Painters Fallen in the Peoples’ Liberation War” at Belgrade’s Art Pavilion on Kalemegdan. 8 A large group of

In: Fragile Images
Author: Ivaylo Ditchev

Bulgarian nation-state. It is not by chance, she observes, that the massive sanctifying of Levski takes place after the lost Balkan War and World War I, during the times of deepest national depression. How is such amazing plasticity of a national hero possible? One way of approaching the question is

In: Southeastern Europe
Author: Maria Todorova

Intentions and effects My biggest error with this book may have been its title, or rather the lengthy subtitle: “The Living Archive of Vasil Levski and the Making of Bulgaria’s National Hero.” Bones of Contention was appropriate enough and captivating, and I should have left it at that. Yet

In: Southeastern Europe
In: Constructing the Middle Ages
In: Constructing the Middle Ages
In: War Memory and Social Politics in Japan, 1945–2005
Author: James R. Davila

BOOK REVIEWS MARKS, Richard G., The Image of Bar Kokhba in Traditional Jewish Literature: False Messiah and National Hero. University Park, PA: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1993. Pp. xiii + 226. £30.00 or $35.00 (Cl) and £13.95 or $15.95 (Pbk). ISBN 0-271- 00939-X (Cl) and 0

In: Biblical Interpretation
Historiography, Collective Memory and Nation-Building in Luxembourg
Author: Pit Péporté
Recognising the importance of the Middle Ages as a vital point of reference in the construction of national identities, this challenging book examines the remarkable role played by the period in the grand duchy of Luxembourg. This country is representative of the close relationship between historicism and nation-building in modern Europe. Tracing the fortunes of four pivotal figures from their own lifetimes to the present, this book uncovers how they each entered collective memory and came to play a key role in a national narrative of history. The analysis includes the foundation myth of Sigefroid and Melusine, the posthumous career of Countess Ermesinde and King John of Bohemia’s transformation into a national hero.
Borrowing some of its theoretical framework from the study of lieux de mémoire, this wide-ranging book crosses disciplinary boundaries and addresses not only historical writing, but also literature, the visual arts, and popular culture.
An Intercontextual Reading of the Gospel of John
Author: Jean Kim
Kim reads the Gospel of John from a postcolonial feminist perspective as a patriarchal nationalist discourse. The author examines effects of colonialism in twentieth-century Korean cultural experience, as seen in social memory (pervasive, emotional, nonlinear experience of the collective) or oral traditions, to develop an intercontextual lens through which she examines the role of the Johannine female characters in supporting Jesus’s role as a national hero and in functioning as continuers of the nation. In her unique handling of the Gospel of John, the author describes how John’s resistance to Roman imperial power defines and shapes the boundaries of his Jewish nationalism in relation to the symbolic meanings attached to the female characters’ sexuality and gender roles.