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Infectious disease influences the dynamics of host populations and the structure of species communities via impacts on host demography. Species that share infectious diseases are well-known to interact indirectly through the process of apparent competition, but there has been little attention given to the role of vectors in these indirect interactions. Here we explore how vector-borne disease and host-vector interactions can drive apparent competitive interactions. We show that different facets of the ecology associated with vector-host-host interactions affect the structure of the three-species assemblage. Crucially, the patterns associated with invasion of alternative hosts, the spread of the infectious disease by the vector, and the dynamics of the community interactions are influenced by the mode of transmission. We highlight the role of alternative hosts on disease amplification, dilution and magnification and discuss the results with reference to recent developments in apparent competition and community structure.

In: Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution

HKB model (named after the authors Haken, Kelso and Bunz), which would proof to be the basis for a new branch of movement science, the topics of synergetics and non-linear dynamics will be briefly discussed. Excellent reviews of the application of the dynamical systems approach to human movement and

In: Netherlands Journal of Zoology
Author: Richard Ascough

, perhaps subconsciously, assuming ‘that ancient writers are describing the same phenomena as modern writers but less convincingly.’ 65 A recent development in historiography opens up an alternative approach that focuses on non-linear dynamics and ‘the modelling and understanding of complex natural and

In: Religion and Theology
Author: Arnold Modell

some other part of the stream, past or future, near or remote, is always mixed in with our knowledge of the present thing.” James also argued against a linear con- ception of time. In this he anticipates some contemporary neurobiologists who have recognized the relevance of non-linear dynamics in

In: KronoScope
Author: Zaheer Baber

specific technology policies, but also technology studies. In the introduction to the volume, Etzkowitz and Leydesdorff argue that linear models of "demand pull" or "technology push" have been superseded by evolutionary models that analyze developments in terms of networks. According to them, non- linear

In: Asian Journal of Social Science

abstractions and theoretical models to the real lives of human beings in the lifeworld. Gallagher’s suggestion to include artificial variations such as computer simulations and models, robotic hardware, and bio-chemistry’s “modeling the specificity of life and mind within a mathematical framework of non-linear

In: Journal of Phenomenological Psychology
Author: Mette Løvschal

the Royal Society of London Series B: Biological Sciences 2008 363 1935 1938 McGlade J. van der Leeuw S. E. van der Leeuw S. E. McGlade J. Introduction: Archaeology and non-linear dynamics – new approaches to long-term change. Archaeology

In: Journal of Cognition and Culture

, 1989). The theory of chaos - and of non-linear dynamics in general - can be formulated within the framework of cybernetics, but its implications are not limited to systems theory. From a structural perspective, based on individual entities situated in a spatial environment instead of a set of coupled

In: Behaviour

of thinking, with special focus on the non-linear dynamics of a system,” requiring a computer-generated model of the effects of petrocracy on the biosphere. 18 Understanding the Anthropocene means working with “the coevolution of the geosphere and the biosphere, and now the techno

In: Asian Diasporic Visual Cultures and the Americas
Author: David Webb

the work of Lucretius as a serious statement of non-linear dynamics was M. Serres, La nais- sance de la physique dans le texte de Lucrèce (Paris: Éditions de Minuit, 1977); trans- lated by J. Hawkes under the title The Birth of Physics , ed. D. Webb (Manchester: Clinamen Press, 2000); hereafter cited

In: Research in Phenomenology