In this study we seek to shed light on the question of how the ‘framing’ of an international norm is being adapted to normcontestation. We undertake this by analysing how the implementation of the Responsibility to Protect ( R 2 P ) has been adapted by its promoters in reaction
In norm research, questions about norm dynamics and norm robustness are currently the focus of interest. While there is little disagreement that normcontestation plays a role, the question of whether contestation leads to a strengthening or to a weakening of norm
, it is less cognizant of the ways in which power impacts the meanings imparted to norms. In suggesting that normcontestation occurs between interpretations of equal standing, she underplays how the relative power of actors in the negotiation and implementation of a norm may privilege particular
and change permanently in disputes over their significance and political implications .
This Special Issue brings together works interested in theories of normcontestation, its dynamics and its effects, with a focus on the case studies of R 2 P and a responsibility to prosecute. The
contested within the society of states. Empirical analyses of R2P resistance that take into account normative drivers of this normcontestation usually refer to the intention of states from the global South to challenge a western-dominated international order. 4 However, this seems to be an
The responsibility to Protect (R2P) serves as an illuminating case for the study of international norms, 1 given the extent to which the new norm has been clearly articulated 2 and conceptually refined in both academic and policy literatures. The parameters of R2P normcontestation have been
cascade and norm internalization. 13 The first stage involves attempts by norm entrepreneurs to persuade other actors to embrace a new norm. Contestation and resistance to new ideas is recognised as an inevitable feature of this first stage. However, in cases of successful norm establishment, at the end
sign of their weakening.
In recent years, research has found ways of escaping from this focus on stability by focusing instead on normcontestation,
norm localisation processes,
and even on norm decay.
Even in these studies, however, the long shadow of
friction between a proposed norm and the hitherto normative status quo.
NormContestation and Intersection
In order to assess the exact intersection of a normative proposal with existing structures, we need a theoretical framework within which to carry out the analysis. Norm theory has not provided
Family and how states both compete for and contest against the initiatives.
The United Nations (UN) is the principal global institution for norm development, including deliberations on the content of potential norms, contestation over those norms, codification of norms, and measurement and