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Alexey Aliyev

.’” British Journal of Aesthetics 48 , 80 – 85 . Currie Gregory 1989 . An Ontology of Art . New York : St. Martin’s Press . Davies David 2004 . Art as Performance . Blackwell Publishing . Davies Stephen 2001 . Musical Works and Performances: A Philosophical Exploration . New York

What is Art?

The Question of Definition Reloaded

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Tiziana Andina

‘What is art?’ is one of the classic questions that philosophy has addressed over the ages, from the ancients to today. Taking as its starting point debates over the various definitions of art found in history, this article presents and discusses some of the major theories offered by both the analytic and continental traditions. It then looks at the theoretical reasons that led twentieth-century philosophy to reopen the question of definition, and in many cases inquire into the ontology of art itself. Finally, a series of considerations are addressed to help shift the problem of definition onto a new plane, one that is able to respond to the challenges of the performing and participatory arts, which more than any other form of art present particularly unconventional ontologies.

What is Art?

The Question of Definition Reloaded

Tiziana Andina

directions taken by artists and, finally, illustrate the ontology of art works. 12 3 Theories Let us now look at how philosophy of art in the twentieth century responded, or attempted to respond, to the issues raised by contemporary works. The contributions that appear most significant include, more or less

What is Art?

The Question of Definition Reloaded

Series:

Tiziana Andina

directions taken by artists and, finally, illustrate the ontology of art works. 12 3 Theories Let us now look at how philosophy of art in the twentieth century responded, or attempted to respond, to the issues raised by contemporary works. The contributions that appear most significant include, more or less

The furniture of the world

Essays in ontology and metaphysics

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Edited by Guillermo Hurtado and Oscar Nudler

Seventeen essays make up the body of this anthology. Most of the authors are Latin Americans (although some of them work in other regions), and thus we might say that this volume is, in a very approximate sense, a showcase of recent Latin-American ontology and metaphysics. The remaining authors—Pierre Aubenque, Barry Smith, Lorenzo Peña and James Hamilton—are distinguished teachers who have had important contacts with the Latin-American philosophical community. The articles in this anthology address some of the central questions in ontology and metaphysics: the possibility of a science of being (Aubenque), the different possible approaches to ontology (Hurtado), the recent application of ontology to informatics (Smith), guise theory and its Leibnizian antecedents (Herrera), the reduction of space and time to phenomenological properties (Rodríguez Larreta), the Newtonian ontology of space and time (Benítez and Robles), the relation between truth and the so-called “truth-makers” (Rodríguez Pereyra), the ontological position of the Pyrrhonic skeptic (Junqueira Smith), the limits and difficulties of metaphysical realism (Cabanchik, Pereda), the defense of physicalist or emergentist positions regarding the mental (Pérez), the metaphysical nature of persons (Naishtat), the ontology of cultural entities (Peña), political ontology (Nudler), the relation between ontology and literature (Hamilton), the ontology of art (Tomasini). Some of the works (e.g., those Aubenque and Robles) approach the question from a historical perspective: others examine the most recent philosophical literature on the problems focalized (e.g., those by Pérez and Rodríguez Pereyra), and others offer new approaches (e.g., those of Rodríguez Larreta, Peña or Nudler) to a specific problematic area.

FEDOR POGODIN

the basis of the ontology of art. Footnotes 1. For further bio-bibliographical information on Gabrichevsky, see Ya. Bruk, ed., AJeran- der Georgievich Gabrichevsky (M: State Tretiakov Gallery, 1992); and A. Puchkov, ed., A G. Gabrichevsky: Teorüa i istorüa arkhitektury (K: Urtext

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Adam Andrzejewski and Mateusz Salwa

The aim of this essay is to analyse TV series from the point of view of philosophical aesthetics. Aiming to show how philosophy may contribute to “seriality studies”, Andrzejewski and Salwa focus on seriality as a factor which defines the structure of TV series, their aesthetic properties, as well as their modes of reception. TV series have been studied within media theory and cultural studies for quite a long time, but they have been approached mainly in terms of their production, distribution, and consumption across various and changing social contexts. Following the agenda of philosophical aesthetics Andrzejewski and Salwa claim instead seriality implies a sort of normativity, i.e. that it is possible to indicate what features a television show has to have in order to be a serial show as well as the manner in which it should be watched if it is to be experienced as a serial work.

Russell Pryba

ontology of art, expression, and aesthetic experience, pragmatist aesthetics offers a reconstruction of the philosophy of art congruent with the historicism, naturalism, anti-foundationalism and anti-essentialism that characterize pragmatism as a unique philosophical tradition. However, pragmatist

VALERII MILDON

" [Experiments in an Ontology of Art] (which his recent editors renamed "Prostranstvo i vremia" [Space and Time]), Gabrichevsky argued: "The artistic object, which has assumed its form in the dynamics of space, is the symbol of individuality in the highest sense of the word.. .. It possesses the unity of 'ego