In 2013, important changes took place in regards to internet public opinion. The government intensified management of the internet, and microbloggers with a large number of followers were hit hard; complicated by diversion from WeChat, the enthusiasm of microblogs sharply declined. WeChat users
being philosophers—when looking down from above on the life of those below, seem to some to be deserving (τίµιοι) of nothing, while to others worthy of all, and sometimes they appear to be statesmen, at other times sophists, and there are other times when they furnish the opinion that they are
Was there such a thing as 'public opinion' before the age of newspapers and party politics? The essays in this collection show that in the Low Countries, at least, there certainly was. In this highly urbanised society, with high literacy rates and good connections, news and public debate could spread fast in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, enabling the growth of powerful opposition movements against the Crown, the creation of the Dutch Republic, and of the distinctive Netherlandish culture of the Golden Age.
Contributors include: Hugh Dunthorne, Raingard Esser, Jonathan Israel, Gustaaf Janssens, Henk van Nierop, Guido Marnef, M.E.H. Nicolette Mout, Andrew Pettegree, Judith Pollmann, Paul Regan*, Andrew Sawyer*, Jo Spaans, Andrew Spicer*, and Juliaan Woltjer. (* Supervised by Alastair Duke)