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Nikolai Grishin

Introduction Political opposition in Russia has been more successful at the regional level than at the federal level for all the post-Soviet period. The opposition has managed to come to power only at the sub-national level. In many regions of the country, the opposition resists the power of

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Regina Smyth and Irina V. Soboleva

mayor. Navalny, who was a victim of politicized justice by the Putin regime, mounted a campaign that drew on resources from the For Fair Elections movement ( ffe ) to craft a new model of opposition contestation. On Election Day, Navalny received 27 percent of the vote, while his state-sponsored rival

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Enis Dinç

oppositional cartoonists ( Gülmez 2005 ). As a response, Prime Minister Erdoğan sued the newspaper and the cartoonist at the civil court of first instance in Ankara, on the grounds that the cartoon had ‘publicly humiliated him’ and asked that they pay damages of 5,000 Turkish lira (approx. 2,737 EUR) for

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Anne-Sylvie Boisliveau

the notion of “opposition.” Indeed, in the Qurʾān, many terms are associated in pairs; some of them are opposites, whereas others are simply couples or double terms. 1 In the present article, I have focused on pairs of opposite and on opposition in general. I define “binarity” as the fact that the

Gottwald, Jörn C. and Sandschneider, Eberhard

Motives for political opposition in China can be classified into three groups: 1) power-political motives in the conflicts between various groups within the Chinese Communist Party (CCP); 2) rejection of parts if not the whole of the Communist ideology and the concomitant legitimization of the

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Taiwan's Opposition Magazines
Tangwai ("outside-the-party") opposition magazines in Taiwan

During the period between 1975 and 1986, a number of magazines were published in Taiwan, collectively known as Tangwai ("outside-the-party") magazines, to indicate that they originated outside the ruling Nationalist Chinese Kuomintang (KMT) party. The magazines have in common that they voiced opposition against the single-party rule of the KMT and advocated democracy and respect for human rights on the island, which had been under martial law since 1949.

16 Tangwai magazines collected by the Reverend Dr. Edward Kelly (Columbian Fathers), supported by Dr. Gerrit van der Wees and his wife Mei-chin of Taiwan Communiqué, Dr. James D. Seymour of Columbia University, and Dr. Fu-mei Chang Chen of the Hoover Institution (Stanford University).
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State Induced Theft

The Transformation of Political Detainees into Common Criminals in Communist Romania

Delia Popescu

’s desire to gain favor with the West by perpetuating the state rhetoric of democratic openness launched by Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej as a result of the 1964 general amnesty for political detainees. The second drive was the political imperative of the Ceauşescu regime to suppress political opposition. In sum

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Various Authors & Editors

East Asia
Taiwan Opposition Magazines

The complete East Asia collection consists of about 700 titles on East Asia; this section includes Taiwan opposition magazines.
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Various Authors & Editors

Arabic Newspapers and Periodicals
Egyptian Oppositional Periodicals
The Egyptian Oppositional Periodicals collection includes newspapers which appeared during the second half of the Sadat Era (1970-1981).

This collection is also included in the Arabic Newspapers and Periodicals collection.
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Iranian Opposition to the Shah

The overthrow of the Shah came as a great surprise, even to many Iranists, in spite of the fact that the revolution had been in the air in Tehran long before this was realized in the West. More enigmatic than the Islamic revolution itself were the aims of its supporters, although most of the opposition groups had explicitly stated their objectives in their publications long before the revolution. But the tightening censorship in Iran had forced the whole spectrum of the opposition to publish abroad.
The evasive nature of dissident literature makes bibliographical control, and acquisition in general, extremely difficult. In the case of the Iranian revolution we are fortunate that W.H. Behn has taken on the formidable task of listing (in his bibliographies) every publication of an anti-Pahlavi nature in Persian, or in other languages about Iran, published outside Iran between 1962 and the establishment of the Islamic Republic in 1979. The measure of his success is that he has amassed a total of some 800 books and pamphlets...

The selection offered in this edition originates largely from the University of Tubingen Library, whose staff displayed imagination, initiative, and scholarship when they acquired this unique material at a time when others were hardly aware of the importance of these publications. This microfiche edition comprises all of the important primary sources (transactions of congresses, defence pleas, party programs) as well as literature on economics, guerrilla movements, human rights, Islamic government and revolution, minorities, political trials, prisons, religion, sociology, and the Tudeh Party. The material is a rich source for the intellectual history of contemporary Islam. It also throws light on the international dimension of revolutionary movements in general.

References
Wolfgang Behn, The Iranian Opposition in Exile. Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden, 1979.
–––––, Revolution or Revolutionary Islam in Iran. Berlin, 1980.
–––––, Power and Reaction in Iran. Berlin, 1981.

The collection
[Subject group: Number of documents]
• Arab World: 10
• Biography: 22
• Collected works: 12
• Documents: 8
• Economics: 14
• Foreign Interests and Relations: 9
• Foreign Relations: 4
• Guerrilla Organizations: 85
• Islamic Government: 18
• Labour: 27
• Messages on various occasions: 8
• Minorities: 56
• Miscellaneous: 3
• Oil: 6
• Periodicals: 5
• Philosophy: 4
• Political Parties: 53
• Political situation: 166
• Political trials: 27
• Prisons: 20
• Religion: 34
• Savak: 8
• Sociology: 8
• Student affairs: 46
• Tudeh Party: 33
• White Revolution: 2
• Women: 13