Tom Kirk

Timor-Leste’s programmes tacitly suggest unresolved disputes can intensify existing fault lines and contribute to wider conflict. This paper examines a programme that adopted an empowerment approach in Timor-Leste through the support of legal aid lawyers ( lal s) and paralegals. It argued that these

Agents for Change

Local Women’s Organizations and Domestic Violence in Indonesia

Dina Afrianty

about, their legal rights and the services they can access, and advocating for them. It reveals how LBH APIK ’s paralegals and/or activists work as village-based volunteers, and that their engagement with the campaigns against subordination, oppression, and discrimination against women stem from their


Nanna Jordt Jørgensen

group of young people trained as paralegals engage in negotiations regarding the management and use of sand. They call their way of operating ‘hustling’, signifying a political practice characterized by improvisation, drawing on eclectic forms of knowledge, doing things in a ‘young’ and ‘urban’ way, the


Patrick Oliver Heinemann

Der Autor zeigt mit der Rechtsgeschichte der Reichswehr 1918–1933 das Spannungsverhältnis auf, in dem die Weimarer Republik zum Militär als Ganzem wie auch dem einzelnen Soldaten stand.
Wie und warum die Integration der Streitkräfte in die erste deutsche Republik aus juristischer Perspektive misslang, belegt diese archivalisch fundierte Rechtsgeschichte der Reichswehr erstmals anhand verschiedenster Themenfelder wie der Militärstrafjustiz, dem Ehren- sowie dem Disziplinar- und Beschwerderecht. Das überlieferte Bild vom »Staat im Staate« bildete sich rechtlich gesehen in einer Tendenz der Reichswehr zur »Paralegalität« ab. Sie hatte ihre Wurzeln vor allem im überkommenen preußisch-deutschen Sonderstatus des Militärs im Staatsaufbau, in exzessiven ausnahmerechtlichen Einsätzen im Innern sowie im fortgesetzten Völkerrechtsbruch der Geheimrüstung.

Alan Neal

Shoes Factory dispute. The eighth case, involving alleged police surveillance, concerned the director of the Nan Fei Yan Social Work Service Centre, an organization that advocates for migrant workers’ rights and provides paralegal aid to injured and sick workers in Foshan city. Three of those from the

First World War and the Lost Generation, Nazi Germany and the Holocaust, and European Immigration to America (1654-1924). Williams holds several college degrees: Paralegal Studies, History, Teacher Education, and Liberal Arts. In addition to his studies, he is an associate professor of American history

Linda Bevis

women) and fifteen or twenty, of them practise in the military courts, now swollen with intifada cases. Several free legal advice centres staffed by lawyers and paralegals help Palestinians wade through the administrative labyrinth of military rule. Although land, settlement and water remain the most

Alphia Abdikeeva, Tamar Ezer and Alina Covaci

(hereafter, “KHAM”) and Centre for Democratic Development and Initiatives (hereafter, “CDRIM”) to train paralegals to provide services to Roma communities in Shuto Orizari, a Roma settlement in Macedonia and Delcevo. 2.2. Supported Projects In 2011, LAHI and RHP issued a joint call for project


Emmanuel Zumabakuro Dassah

livelihood to corporations. To empower a community means to mobilize resources that will produce beneficial social change (OECD 2012). The legal empowerment advocacy to be used here concentrates on both legal and paralegal strategies that facilitate an empowerment process and thus disrupt unjust and complex

#BRokenPromises, Black Deaths, & Blue Ribbons

Understanding, Complicating, and Transcending Police-Community Violence


Edited by Kenneth J. Fasching-Varner, Kerri J. Tobin and Stephen M. Lentz

Many urban centres are shaken to their core with mistrust between communities and law enforcement. Erosion was exacerbated in the Obama-era, intensified during the 2016 campaign, and is violently manifested in Trump’s presidency. The promise of uniting communities articulated by leaders lays broken. The text suggests that promise of prosperous and engaged urban citizenry will remain broken until we can honestly address the following unanswered questions: What factors contribute to the creation of divided communities? What happened to erode trust between community and law enforcement? What concerns and challenges do law enforcement officials have relating to policing within urban centres? What are the experiences of residents and police? And, finally, whose lives really matter, and how do we move forward?

Contributors are: Lawrence Baines, Amber C. Bryant, Erica L. Bumpers, Issac Carter, Justin A. Cole, Erin Dreeszen, Jaquial Durham, Antonio Ellis, Idara Essien, Jeffrey M. Frank, Beatriz Gonzalez, Aaron J. Griffen, Jennie L. Hanna, Diane M. Harnek Hall, Cleveland Hayes, Deanna Hayes-Wilson, Stacey Hill, Jim L. Hollar, Taharee A. Jackson, Melinda Jackson-Jefferson, Sharon D. Jones-Eversley, Stephen M. Lentz, Patricia Maloney, Isiah Marshall, Jr., Derrick McKisick, Rebecca Neal, Ariel Quinio, Jacqueline M. Rhoden-Trader, Derrick Robinson, Ebony B. Rose, Randa Suleiman, Clarice Thomas, Kerri J. Tobin, Eddie Vanderhorst, Rolanda L. Ward, Deondra Warner, John Williams, Deleon M. Wilson, Geoffrey L. Wood, Jemimah L. Young, and Jie Yu.