/target grammar. To account for variation, we implement partialordering (Anttila 1997a, 1997b) to Tzakosta’s (2004) Multiple Parallel Grammars model of language development. More speciﬁcally, we propose that, in the intermediate stage of acquisition, constraint permutation of the initial Markedness
sample and indicators we were concerned with, we deployed the PartialOrder Structuple (Scalogram) Analysis with Coordinates – POSAC , a nonparametric analysis method introduced by Louis Guttman.
With this analysis, each national population is first assigned a profile (structuple) composed of
Chapter 1 (Algebraic representations for complete social networks) the author intro- duces the machinery of directed graphs and of the matrix representation of relations in a social network. Composition (or compounding) of relations is defined in the usual way. A partialordering is then introduced on the
in the following way (Fig. 2): In this two-dimensional scale, the profiles are arranged in a partialorder relation. It has the property that each item partitions the space into two continuous areas. The area above line number I includes profiles with number I as the hundreds digit. The area under
, that of a partialorder. A partialorder is usually defined through three axioms, namely: Reflexivity: Everything is part of itself; Transitivity: Any part of a part of an object is part of that object; Antisymmetry: Two distinct objects are not part of each other. One usually writes the axioms in
model to language processing and showed that it could explain the dependency-length effects in the literature and the anti-locality effects.
However, sequence-related information appears to be stored as a partialordering, necessitating a serial search of sorts, so there is indeed some aspect of
between avenue of migration and the eleven Table 2 Zero- and partial-order effects of eleven independent variables on avenue of migration (N=116) 2 The independent variables were coded as follows: Ethnicity: British=1; non-British=0; Father corporate official : yes=1; no= 0 ; Father's education
decision. III. Monism The next key element in Kelsen's theory of international law is monism, under which international law and national legal orders are parts of a single legal order. Each national legal order is only a partialorder of the overarching legal order. 8 In support of this assertion, Kelsen
work than’ relation. Formally, this interpretation amounts to a partialordering of the set í <m,n>: 1≤m≤4, n Î N ý such that B<m,n><m’,n’> is true iﬀ [(n-n’)≥5 v (m=m’ & n>n’)]. It is easy to verify that while B is transitive, the relation of indiﬀ erence with respect to B, I, where Ixy iﬀ (~Bxy
to be only a partialorder; that we have a right to supplement it by an unseen spiritual order which we assume on trust, if only thereby life may seem to us better worth living again“ ( WtB p. 52). Aus systematischer Sicht müsste es problematisiert werden, wie James hier platonisiert 23 durch