understanding of faith in God’s intention to save humans in Christ, the Church developed a plurality of views. The term ‘particularism’ is nowadays commonly used in theology for the orthodox account that some humans will ultimately be saved, and ‘universalism’ is used for the heterodox account that every human
… shoelace color can provide a reason for action (which, to be clear, we do not), there is an important difference between considerations of shoelace color and considerations of pain, pleasure, promising, and the like. 1 McKeever and Ridge have regularly 2 attacked moral particularism on the
Moral Particularism: An Introduction * S IMON K IRCHIN Philosophy Department University of Kent Canterbury, UK firstname.lastname@example.org Moral particularism is a contentious position at present and seems likely to be so for the foreseeable future. In this Introduction, I outline and detail its
Particularism and Reasons: A Reply to Kirchin R ICHARD N ORMAN School of European Culture and Languages University of Kent Canterbury, UK email@example.com Valency switching can appear especially puzzling if we think of moral rea- sons as ‘pushes and pulls’—considerations whose job it is to
Particularism and Default Valency * S IMON K IRCHIN Philosophy Department University of Kent Canterbury, UK firstname.lastname@example.org In this paper, I concentrate on the notion of default valency, drawing on some of the distinctions made and thoughts given in my Introduction. I motivate why the
Universalism can be defined as the belief in the universal application of certain knowledge, world-views and value-views. Universalism has often been confused with Occident-centrism, due to the fact that the latter was used to justify the former, which confused the content of a thought with the social condition that gave rise to the thought. For many years, clarifications of this confusion have been made in sociology of knowledge, relativism and skepticism. Yet, the particularistic conclusion thus reached has led to more confusion, namely, that between the intrinsic criterion for truth and the practical application of thought. China, with its long tradition of Sino-centrism, has recently shown a movement towards particularism, characterized by a search for national and cultural superiority by “returning to the source”. In today’s academic circles, some particularist themes are taken for granted, and believed to be true, but cannot be proved with rational examination. The particularistic claims to the “self grounded”, “self-featured” and “self-located” tradition of Chinese culture jointed with the post-modernism, neo-leftist movement of anti-globalization in the West, are not only harmful in practice, but also impotent in theory. The propaganda against the hegemony of Western discourse should be analyzed with questioning which hegemony and whose discourse.
See Universalism and Particularism
[German Version] General/Particular...
Uri D. Leibowitz
1 Introduction Particularists claim that moral phenomena can be explained without relying on exceptionless moral principles. The debate over particularism in recent years has focused on whether the rightness and wrongness of actions can be so explained: generalists claim that in order to
[German Version] Universalism and Particularism...