are conditions of the full development of human capacities in terms of an aim of nature ( Naturabsicht ) and a planofnature ( Naturplan ). The legal and political arrangements in question are ‘a society in which freedom under external laws can be encountered combined in the greatest possible
one more element—what Kant calls teleological judgment . Critics point to Kant’s teleology as proof positive of his universalizing and rationalistic arrogance, as if he were claiming that all of history is moving inexorably, on the basis of some grand planofnature, toward his own conception of
actions, at least in the large, as a system ” ( Idea viii , 29). After explaining that by this guiding thread “there will be opened a consoling prospect into the future (which without a planofnature one cannot hope for with any ground), in which the human species is represented in the remote distance
problems of colonialism, of war and peace, could not be solved 'solely on the basis of written laws.' A turn to the ratio naturae, 'to the ordered planofnature' was needed. Grotius endorsed the judgment of the fa- mous Commentator on Roman law, Baldus de Ubaldis, 'that in any controver- sy arising
fits into the entire planofnature, and he will take responsibility for it as its cause. The wise man will understand enough of nature to see that it must fit in somewhere, and that it is therefore not really a disaster, but I see no reason to think that he will grasp its particular rationale, far
elements, which in the material sense are extremely important, but which in the spiritual sense are of very minor significance,” for instance, like cells and atoms as the smallest structural units. Klee points out that those basic elements have developed to have a function within the wider building planof
aims of region- al planning, ofnature protection and of landscape conservation. Similarly, Para 19(2) of the Nature Conservation Act requires compensation for any measures affect- ing nature or landscape. Such measures include, according to Para 18 of the Nature Conservation Act, alterations of the
, )could be viewed on the whole as a realization of a hidden planofnature to bring about internally - and for this purpose, also externally - perfect constitution?.32) A good society exists only in the good world community under the »cosmopolitan or world laws. »For states in their relation to each other
but an actualization of the potentialities of men, and its constitution is part of the plansofnature and divine providence for men.
The same is true of the scientific activity of men: although Leibniz conceives science as a useful and not merely as a contemplative activity, as one which
ofnature such as those of intelligent design theorists; and finally, of the anthropic principle that bases grand assumptions on the fine-tuning and balance displayed by our solar system.
It means, in fact, that theology, with due regard to its distinctive character, should be mindful of the