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-level decision making body on environmental issues, has adopted a series of resolutions concerning marine plastic pollution and microplastics beginning with its first session ( UNEA -1) in 2014. 7 The primary aim is to establish a comprehensive and strong global governance structure. Although these resolutions

Open Access
In: Chinese Journal of Environmental Law

regional cooperation, there may be opportunities within UNCLOS itself to refine and clarify State commitments to address sources of plastic pollution. Assuming sufficient political will to make changes to UNCLOS to reflect cooperation around contemporary challenges, how might UNCLOS be amended to be

In: The Korean Journal of International and Comparative Law
Author: Talitha Ramphal

research. The purpose of The Ocean Cleanup by concentrating and collecting plastic in the waters is to clean up the ocean from plastic pollution. Scientific research is therefore not the principal aim of The Ocean Cleanup; 22 it is merely one of the means to achieve The Ocean Cleanup’s aim of removing

In: The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law
Author: Talitha Ramphal

research. The purpose of The Ocean Cleanup by concentrating and collecting plastic in the waters is to clean up the ocean from plastic pollution. Scientific research is therefore not the principal aim of The Ocean Cleanup; 22 it is merely one of the means to achieve The Ocean Cleanup’s aim of removing

In: The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law

-review-of-the-feasibility-study/ ; accessed 30 March 2019. 60 Agreement (n 10), Art 3.3. 61 Explanatory Notes to Article 3.3 (n 8). 62 See Preamble and e.g. Article 243 of the LOSC . This is a minimum requirement, ad-hoc meetings may be called for at any time. 63 See https://www.unenvironment.org/news-and-stories/press-release/nations-commit-fight-plastic-pollution

Open Access
In: The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law

cases and almost two million deaths globally as of early January 2021 (JHUM, 2020). While we have seen reductions in air pollution (Chen et al., 2020; Dutheil et al., 2020), NO 2 emissions (NASA, 2020), and CO 2 emissions (Myllyvirta, 2020), plastic pollution seems to be increasing (Fadare & Okoffo

Open Access
In: Animal Biology

growing concern regarding plastic pollution in the marine ecosystem is the use of microplastics. Microplastics are little beads of plastic less than five mm wide. They are commonly found in hand soaps, face cleansers, and other exfoliators (Moore, 2001 ; Moore, 2003 ). When these products are used, the

In: Cooperation and Engagement in the Asia-Pacific Region

waters is the oil pollution caused by the innocent and archipelagic sea lanes passage of foreign vessels. Another primary type of marine pollution in Indonesian waters is marine plastic pollution ( MPP ) derived from land and other sources as the result of the increasing economic pressures on the

In: The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law

takes place without scientific evidence of its sustainability. At the very least this is further evidence of the continued rise of the precautionary approach to international fisheries management. 41 In Chapter 11 , Nilüfer Oral explores a third frontier – plastic pollution and the extent to which

Open Access
In: Frontiers in International Environmental Law: Oceans and Climate Challenges
Author: Yubing Shi

plastic waste is the main source of marine pollution in China. Specifically, the percentage of plastic waste in marine surface waste, beach waste, and seabed waste is 88.7 per cent, 77.5 per cent and 88.2 per cent respectively. 16 It appears that reducing land-based plastic pollution would play a

In: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ocean Law and Policy