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Author: David James

necessity. This practical necessity consists in being compelled by a situation in which one finds oneself to agree to something, regardless of what one might otherwise prefer to do and might in fact have done if other options had been available. This type of practical necessity is different from the type of

In: Journal of the Philosophy of History

The issue addressed in this article is whether and to what extent the gravity thres-hold in the Rome Statute serves its purpose in determining case admissibility to the ICC. To answer this question, the article analyses the problems and pitfalls inherent in the concept and drafting of the threshold. These problems include, (1) the lack of a definition for the term ‘gravity’ and the difficulty of drafting a definition, (2) the problems associated with using the threshold as a justification for choosing some cases over others, (3) the overlap with the ICC’S subject matter jurisdiction and (4) the loose justiciability of the Prosecutor’s discretion in case selection.

In: Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law Online
Author: Gary Remer

domestic law and values, it can accommodate the practical necessities of today’s world legislation, i.e., necessities resulting from the absence of extensive, long-standing global legal norms and of international institutions to enforce world legislation. Ciceronian ius gentium , however, is not confined

In: International Organizations Law Review
Author: Eugenia Kermeli

courts. He is correct in the sense that witnesses still are the most significant factor in determining success in the Ottoman court; however, this is merely an adherence to Islamic law of procedure. The petition to the judge to reissue a marriage contract was a practical necessity, an example of which is

In: Oriente Moderno
Author: Hanna H. Wei
In A Dialogical Concept of Minority Rights, Hanna H. Wei demonstrates that a more plausible and realistic concept of minority rights should consist of not only rights against the state but also rights against the group. She formulates and defends three separate but related rights to dialogue, and thoroughly analyses how they may operate not only to maintain a healthy balance between the minorities’ need to be culturally distinct and their need to relate to and belong in the larger society, but also that they address the generalisations and presuppositions on which the debate of multiculturalism has been based, and constitute the first step of a possible solution to many of the theoretical and practical difficulties of minority protection.
The Max Planck Yearbook of United Nations Law (UNYB), founded in 1997, appears under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law. It has a three-tier structure: The first part, ‘The Law and Practice of the United Nations’, concentrates on the legal fundamentals of the UN, its Specialized Agencies and Programmes. The second part, ‘Legal Issues Related to the Goals of the United Nations’, analyzes achievements with regard to fulfilling the main objectives of the UN. The third part consists of an overview of the key developments at the UN for the reporting year. The UNYB addresses both scholars and practitioners, giving them insights into the workings, challenges and evolution of the UN.

The recent expansion of the Philippine military’s tasks into areas not related to security and combat has had repercussions on their interface with local civilian actors. Through a survey of 93 soldiers from two communist front-line units in Western Visayas, the article examines the nature of tasks, civilian–military engagements and the soldiers’ perception of local civilians. The soldiers perform predominantly non-combat tasks. They have more engagements with other local security forces and elected civilian authorities. These engagements are neither robust nor dense, with civilians providing material assistance to military-instigated activities. The soldiers have neutral views about elected authorities, civil society organizations and government agencies, and a moderately negative outlook towards the Commission on Human Rights, the media, the police and ex-rebels. The general skepticism over local government frameworks and capacity is tempered with the practical necessity of working with these local structures. There is homogeneity in the perception across functional groupings, suggesting close proximity between doctrine and practice.

In: Philippine Political Science Journal
Author: Hawary, Mohamed

There are currently eighteen governmental universities (Al-Azhar University included) and thirteen private universities in Egypt. Hebrew studies within Egyptian universities are considered a practical necessity and a vital area of research, due, in large part, to the complex political relationship

Author: Mohamed Hawary

There are currently eighteen governmental universities (Al-Azhar University included) and thirteen private universities in Egypt. Hebrew studies within Egyptian universities are considered a practical necessity and a vital area of research, due, in large part, to the complex political relationship

Author: Susanne Weber

The necessity of intercultural learning is emphasized in lots of contexts. This is especially the case within the field of vocational education and further education. Recent State curricula prescribe a focus on intercultural learning and awareness. Although at a first glance it seems to be intuitively quite clear what is meant, this construct as well as the corresponding terms and objects of this area get vague and hardly tangible. Thus, it does not wonder that concrete measures and concepts for fostering intercultural learning do not follow a theory rather than practical necessities, normative principles or isolated single concepts. But these show only minor effectiveness in intercultural behavior in practice, as diverse studies make overt. Therefore, in this study the concepts of “culture”, “intercultural communication” as well as “interculturality” should be illuminated and discussed – providing hints for modes of effective and efficient teacher behavior but also for corresponding teacher education and training (here in the fields of Business commerce). On the basis of Engeström’s considerations about “activity theory” and “expansive learning” as well as those of Ting-Toomey’s “mindful identity negotiation” approach a theoretical framework for “intercultural learning and development” gets (re-) conceptuallized. By this framework it should be showed how this theoretically reformulated concept of intercultural learning can be implemented into practice and evaluated by following Brown’s suggestions for a “design experiment” to change not only individual perceptions and believes, but also intercultural behavior. As the research and practice field of intercultural learning is that diffuse this study is not be understood as a solution for all intercultural problems. But having the necessity of intercultural learning in mind it is the intention of this study to raise and to continue an intensive (inter-)disciplinary discourse for developing a stringent theoretical model to foster intercultural learning and development as well as to initiate changes in the practical fields.

In: Teachers' Professional Development