A Puzzle Arguably the most fundamental concept in traditional Chinese medicine, qi is a term that is impossible to translate into English but that has entered common English usage. To this day, advocates and practitioners characterise Chinese medicine as being founded on the theory of

In: Asian Medicine
Author: Qi Gao
In A Procedural Framework for Transboundary Water Management in the Mekong River Basin: Shared Mekong for a Common Future, Qi Gao explores procedural implications of integrated water resources management and its application in the Mekong River Basin. As a problem-based study, enlightening conclusions are made based on the increasingly polycentric nature of transboundary cooperation in the Mekong region. The procedural requirements in the Mekong context, both the ideal and practical scenarios are considered, combined with selected case studies.

Qi Gao convincingly asserts the necessity to enhance decision-making processes and suggests procedural legal mechanisms to institutionalize sustainability concepts in transboundary cooperation.
Author: ZHANG Xuezhi

Ancient Chinese philosophers were inclined to preserve the doctrine of a unified body and mind rather than to engage in a discussion on the separation of the two. In addition, most traditional Chinese philosophers stressing in particular the function of mind. Based on the tradition of believing in the concept of qi, they traced the cause of their spiritual activities to the natural effect of the qi. The modalities display a phenomenological characteristic that looks at mental activities lightly, and examines language and action as a natural revelation of material force, qi.

In: Frontiers of Philosophy in China
Author: QIANG Yu

The bamboo slip essay Hengxian 恒先 is historically valuable because it serves to further the ontological understanding and comprehension of issues related to the existence of the universe from the perspective of Laozi’s Daoist thought. Hengxian explores important propositions such as how “Qi originated and activated itself” and “they came out of the same source but differed in nature” from several aspects. The idea that “Hengxian is ‘being’ without any definiteness” responds to the issue of the relationship of difference and identity of all things in the world, and thus examines the interdependent relationships between subjects and objects. It proposes that humans can further understand the existence of the universe through cognitive activities and practices such as “analysis and comparison” in which objective realities are checked. The issues discussed in Hengxian are consistent with Laozi’s Dao de jing, the works of Zhuangzi, Huangdi sijing 黄帝四经 (The Four Classics from the Emperor Yellow) and other Daoist works, and deserve significant attention.

In: Frontiers of Philosophy in China
Author: John Berthrong

the li 理- qi 氣 dyad—the two most important concepts Zhu uses to frame his axiological cosmology—and what has counted as the most creative and contested of his philosophical elaborations of classical Confucianism. Historically it is precisely this kind of cosmological synthesis and elaboration of

In: Journal of Chinese Humanities
Author: Gao Shan

In this article, I will examine the concept of xujing 虛靜 (emptiness and stillness) in Daoism and its relationship with the aesthetic appreciation of nature and environmental ethics. Firstly, I will examine the Chinese philosophical understanding of nature through the concept of qi. I point out that qi is characterized by four interrelated features, which are emptiness, creativity, vitality, and stillness. Xujing are also aesthetically appreciated as the objective features of qi. Secondly, I will discuss why, as the objective features of qi, xujing are considered to be features that have aesthetic value. I argue that empathy is the reason why emptiness as the objective feature of qi is regarded as having aesthetic value. Thirdly, I will discuss how the aesthetic concept of emptiness helps contribute to the construction of place-based environmental ethics.

In: Frontiers of Philosophy in China
Author: Pak Shun Ng

aspirations. 27 A narrow focus on the venerated classics alone runs the risk of “de-contextualising” Chinese strategic thinking as something cast in stone mostly over two millennia ago. 28 Qi Jiguang and His Military Writings In identifying a specific Chinese military thinker of the Ming dynasty for