China's Legal Reform

Towards the Rule of Law

Keyuan Zou

China’s legal system has drawn ever more attention from the international community. It has been developing at a very significant pace since China carried out economic reform and instituted an “open door” policy in 1978.China’s entry into the World Trade Organization (WTO) has had a tremendous impact on the development and reform of China’s legal system. This book focuses on the recent developments of China’s legal system as well as its reform in the context of globalization. It covers various hot and timely topics, including constitutional changes, the relationship between the Chinese Communist Party and the law, legislation, law-based administration, laws for anti-corruption campaigns, judicial reform, legal education and China’s compliance with international law. The book is suitable for lawyers, whether practicing or academic, officials in national governments and international organizations and students and scholars in academia, who are interested in China, Chinese law, comparative and international law.

Patrick J. Reinikainen

assistance, training for family court judges and custody evaluators’ and mandated greater efforts to bolster the criminal justice response in tribal jurisdictions and rural areas. 16 These reforms were necessary and groundbreaking in the United States; however, several barriers still lie in the rules

Wenjie Pei

csces , the reform of the curriculum reflects the following strategies: 2.1 Extending the Learning Time of Science Education The most significant change in the csces is to start it earlier in elementary schools from the current Grade Three to Grade One, i.e., adding science classes in the first

Higher Education System Reform

An International Comparison after Twenty Years of Bologna

Edited by Bruno Broucker, Kurt De Wit, Jef C. Verhoeven and Liudvika Leišytė

The Bologna Declaration started the development of the European Higher Education Area. The ensuing Bologna Process has run for already 20 years now. In the meantime many higher education systems in Europe have been reformed – some more drastically than others; some quicker than others; some with more resistance than others. In the process of reform the initial (six) goals have sometimes been forgotten or sometimes been taken a step further. The context too has shifted: while the European Union in itself has expanded, the voice for exit has also been heard more frequently.

Higher Education System Reform: An international comparison after Twenty Years of Bologna critically describes and analyses 12 Higher Education Systems from the perspective of four major questions: What is currently the situation with regard to the six original goals of Bologna? What was the adopted path of reform? Which were the triggering (economic, social, political) factors for the reform in each specific country? What was the rationale/discourse used during the reform?

The book comparatively analyses the different systems, their paths of reforms and trajectories, and the similarities and the differences between them. At the same time it critically assesses the current situation on higher education in Europe, and hints towards a future policy agenda.

Contributors are: Tommaso Agasisti, Bruno Broucker, Martina Dal Molin, Kurt De Wit, Andrew Gibson, Ellen Hazelkorn, Gergely Kovats, Liudvika Leišytė, Lisa Lucas, António Magalhães, Sude Peksen, Rosalind Pritchard, Palle Rasmussen, Anna-Lena Rose, Christine Teelken, Eva M. de la Torre, Carmen Perez-Esparrells, Jani Ursin, Amélia Veiga, Jef C. Verhoeven, Nadine Zeeman, and Rimantas Želvys.

Rania Maktabi

Seen in theoretical terms, family law plays a crucial role in limiting the legal authority of female citizens as full members of the polity. This article seeks to discern why similar pressures for parliamentary reform in family law since 1990 led to different outcomes two decades later. Focus is on

Till Markus and Markus Salomon

1. Introduction The Commission issued its Green Paper on the Reform of the CFP in April 2009, thus fuelling the ongoing CFP reform process; in the Green Paper, the Commission made clear that it expects the upcoming reorganisation of the CFP not to be ‘another piecemeal, incremental reform but a

Reforming Priests and Parishes

Tuscan Dioceses in the First Century of Seminary Education


Kathleen Comerford

Reforming Priests and Parishes consists of case studies of diocesan seminaries in the Grand Duchy of Tuscany and the Republic of Lucca from 1563-1660s. The major cases are Arezzo, Siena, Volterra and Lucca, and the dioceses and institutions are examined in their financial, educational, and religious milieux. Several other cases--Florence, Montepulciano, Pienza, and Pisa--are treated in less detail to provide contextual interpretative focal points.
Most of the seminaries have never been treated in English-language studies before, and no comparative study exists in any language. All of the case studies contain in-depth analysis of rare primary source material.

Simon Marsden

This article analyses the role of the World Heritage Convention in the Arctic, particularly the role of Indigenous people in environmental protection and governance of natural, mixed and transboundary properties. It outlines the Convention in an Arctic context, profiles Arctic properties on the World Heritage List and Tentative List, and considers Arctic properties that may appear on the List of World Heritage in Danger. It gives detailed consideration to examples of Arctic natural, mixed, and potentially transboundary, properties of greatest significance to Indigenous people with reference to their environmental protection and management. In doing so, it reviews and analyses recent high-level critiques of the application of the Convention in the Arctic. Conclusions follow, the most significant of which is that the Convention and its Operational Guidelines must be reformed to be consistent with the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous People.

Theo Wubbels and Jan van Tartwijk

attract academically qualified individuals into teaching as well as to recruit older entrants, such as those who might be interested in a career change into teaching ( Ministerie van Onderwijs Cultuur en Wetenschap, 1999 ; Tigchelaar & Korthagen, 2004 ). Educational Reforms In the last twenty-five years

Andrew McWilliam

outcomes of the radical decentralisation policies accompanying political reform and democratisation in Indonesia is a sustained administrative programme known by the term pemekaran, or a ‘blossoming’ of new administrative and budgetary units that extend to the farthest corners of the nation. This paper