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Daniel Philpott

? Close to the center of this debate stands the question of religious freedom, which is indeed even more important for this debate than democracy is. Over the past couple of decades, much scholarship on democracy and Islam has emerged and has offered strong evidence for the possibility and existence of

Dennis P. Petri and Frans Visscher

* A preliminary version of this article was presented at the Second Amsterdam Kuyper Seminar, The Netherlands, 23 & 24 January 2014. The authors thank Dr. Christof Sauer (International Institute for Religious Freedom) for his comments on the draft version of this paper. 1 Introduction

Dellas Oliver Herbel

According to the First Amendment of the Constitution of the United States of America, religious freedom is a basic right for its citizens. For Orthodox Christians, however, it is a freedom that has had to be actively claimed within this very same country. On its surface, this may not be surprising

Michael J. Perry

citizens and others with whom it deals “in a spirit of brotherhood.” And the great majority of the countries agree that one of those rights is the right to religious freedom. What is the right to religious freedom? And why should we think that if a government is to act towards its citizens and others “in

Santiago Cañamares Arribas

1 Introduction It is hardly controversial to affirm that both religious freedom and freedom of expression have a privileged position within the system of protection of fundamental rights. Not surprisingly, religious freedom has been described as “ prima inter pares ”, 1 while freedom of

Jayeel Cornelio and Robbin Charles M. Dagle

freedom comes to the fore. As we will discuss in the succeeding sections, the proponents of the SOGIE Equality Bill and same-sex marriage have not only framed their arguments using legal and economic terms. They have also appealed to religious freedom, a move that contests the influence of conservative

Religious Freedom, Multiculturalism, Islam

Cross-reading Finland and Ireland


Tuula Sakaranaho

This is a comparative study of Muslims in Finland and the Republic of Ireland, from the perspective of religious freedom and multiculturalism. The book consists of three parts: the first part discusses religious freedom and multiculturalism from a conceptual point of view and mainly within the context of Western Europe, culminating in the cases of Finland and Ireland; the second part deals with the establishment of Muslim communities in Europe in general, and in Finland and Ireland in particular; and the third part concerns Islam and education in these respective countries

Catholicism and Religious Freedom

Renewing the Church in the Second Vatican Council

Karl Gabriel, Christian Spieß and Katja Winkler

Just about fifty years ago, in its declaration on religious freedom at the Second Vatican Council, the Catholic Church programmatically dispensed with political coercion as a means of enforcing its claim to truth. This act of self-imposed restriction with regard to religious claims to truth is exceptional in the history of religions. It is still extremely difficult to explain even today how such a traditional institution as the Catholic Church could have altered its position so fundamentally. In this volume the authors dispute how the Church came to its position, what the reasons and motives were for its repositioning, what shape this process of change took, and the steps involved in the change: What were the characteristics, circumstances and dynamics of the path of Catholicism to recognizing religious freedom?

Eoin Daly

democratic order. However, it has been less clear whether or not states may limit religious freedom in the interests of promoting vaguer aims of social cohesion, as distinct from more concrete and material threats to democratic institutions. This issue was raised by France’s 2010 prohibition on public face

James T. Richardson and Brian M. Lee

This article takes a social-constructionist view of the role played by judicial systems in selected Central and East European nations, formerly dominated by the Soviet Union, in defining the meaning of religious freedom. The focus is on the role of national courts, including constitutional courts, and especially the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) in this process, with particular attention being paid to the interaction of these separate court systems in defining religious freedom in the various nations. The function of possible ‘pilot judgments’ of the ECtHR in this process is examined. An overall assessment of the role of judicial systems offers a mixed, but somewhat optimistic, view of the role being played by the court systems in the region which seems to support the idea that the ‘judicialization of politics’—addressed by scholars in other branches of law—is also occurring in the area of religious freedom.