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Author: Dana S. El Kurd

maintain power: cooptation, repression, or some combination. The differential effects of these strategies on polarization remain unclear, but understanding these effects will have implications for clarifying how authoritarianism works at the societal level. Importantly, it will also help to explain the

In: Middle East Law and Governance
Author: Stephanie Weber

desires. 2 Repression and Projection Repression and projection need to be understood as interdependent, as repressed aspects do not simply disappear but re-emerge in some form or other, and thus influence how one’s own personality as well as the surrounding reality is experienced. In ‘Creative Writers and

In: Contemporary Fairy-Tale Magic
Author: Wahl, Heribert

[German Version] a concept formulated by J.F. Herbart (1806); cf. also “controlled forgetting” (Hermann Ebbinghaus, Über das Gedächtnis, 1885; ET: Memory: A Contribution to Experimental Psychology, 1913). From the perspective of psychoanalysis, repression is not an arbitrary act for the avoidance

In: Religion Past and Present Online
Author: Erica Chenoweth

is far more draconian and wide-ranging than existing Turkish counter-terrorism laws, threatens to make the ongoing movement even more vulnerable to various forms of direct and indirect repression. Critics have expressed concern that these recent laws would make it easier for the Turkish government to

In: Global Responsibility to Protect
The Fall of Academic Freedom in the Era of Trump
Neoliberalism and Academic Repression: The Fall of Academic Freedom in the Era of Trump, co-edited by Erik Juergensmeyer, Anthony J. Nocella II, and Mark Seis, provides a theoretical examination of the current higher education system and explains how academia is being shaped into a corporate-factory-industrial-complex. This complex is transforming the relationships within and beyond the institution, transforming the mission of higher education from being the foundation of democracy to manager of professionalism. The outstanding contributors offer strategies of social change, policy suggestions, and important critiques of neoliberal practices. This timely collection challenges the neoliberal emphasis on valuation based on job readiness and outcome achievement—promoting equity, justice, and inclusivity in the process.

Contributors include: Camila Bassi, Brad Benz, A. Peter Castro, Taine Duncan, Sarah Giragosian, Erik Juergensmeyer, Caroline K. Kaltefleiter, Peter N. Kirstein, Emil Marmol, Anthony J. Nocella II, Ben Ristow, JL Schatz, Mark Seis, Jeff Shantz, Kim Socha, Richard J. White.
Author: Mirjam Edel

The Puzzle: Evading International Consequences and the Appearance of Repression In Tunisia under Zine el Abidine Ben Ali (1987–2011), marked human rights rhetoric coincided with intense repression “to the extent that critics have said that the country has a human rights discourse, but no human

In: Middle East Law and Governance

of mass protest. 4 This paper contributes to all three literatures by considering mobilization by women-led Islamist movements in post-coup Egypt at a time when the new military-backed government was launching massive repression against supporters of ousted president Muhammad Mursi. While

In: Middle East Law and Governance
Author: Kressen Thyen

responded beneficently to a range of the protesters’ demands, while the Egyptian government opted for marginalization and repression. By comparing divergent cases, the study aims to develop theoretical arguments, which can be applied to spatially and temporally different contexts. The empirical analysis

In: Middle East Law and Governance
Repressed Consumption and Retail Industry, Perceived Equality and Economic Growth
Author: Jong-Hyun Yi
In History of Korean Modern Retailing Jong-Hyun Yi shows how the Korean retail industry has developed since the 1970s, focusing on the relationship among government, consumers and retail companies, especially the department store. While generally it is said that underdevelopment of the Korean retail industry in the 1970s was attributed to economic immaturity, he argues it was artificially formed by strong consumption repression by the government. He also examines how consumption repression contributed to economic growth. Such initial condition in developmental period is a crucial factor to explain other distinctions like explosive growth and remarkably short heyday of the department store afterward.

With this, Jong-Hyun Yi traces the correlation between economic growth and stratification of the consumption since the 1970s. He proves that equality or inequality of consumption is a more influential factor for economic growth than that of income.
A Record of Armed Conflict and International Law Violations, 2011-2013
This groundbreaking new volume provides the first comprehensive review of the Libyan conflict of 2011. The book expands on and complements the report of the Libya Commission of Inquiry to the United Nations Human Rights Council, and provides the reader with the information essential to understanding the Libyan conflict, its causes and ramifications, and the difficulties the country faces as it rebuilds in the wake of 40 years of repression and the effects of a brutal civil war.

The book provides a historical overview of the country and the ruinous policies of the Qadhafi regime, a chronological review of the evolution of the conflict, a description of the belligerents and their organizational makeup, an account of the NATO intervention and its legality, a basic legal characterization of conduct of the belligerents and the various accountability mechanisms pursued thus far, and an appraisal of the post-conflict period, as well as a detailed factual assessment and legal characterization of ten different theaters of conflict, including Benghazi, Tripoli, Misrata, Sirte and the Nafusa Mountains.