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Natalie Kenely

’, ‘emotional intelligence’, ‘resilience’ and ‘wellbeing’ – as being intertwined. In this chapter I will explore the relationship between them. I begin by exploring these concepts separately. A Short Word on The Neuroscience of Emotion According to Salzman and Fusi (2010) , neuroscientists have until now

Stefan Paas and Marry Schoemaker

from in maintaining or increasing their resilience. In this article we present such research, based on several dozens of interviews and two group meetings with church planters in Europe. After presenting the pioneers’ experiences of crisis and resilience, we will conclude this article with a brief

Ulrich Kühn

institutions’ continued ability to be resilient to external shocks or internal shifts—have largely remained outside the focus, and little is known about the factors that determine and influence institutional resilience in the realm of arms control. If the issue of a stable transition to zero nuclear weapons

Carmen Geha

. This historical continuity is explained here as resilience to refer to a political system which exhibits capacity to absorb shocks, maintain its basic pillars and even to improve its functions in times of crisis. This article will unpack the mechanisms of learning and adaptation which reinforce the

Julian Hargreaves

realms of security, policing and legislation. Second, and leading on from this, that an analytical framework for the development of community-led approaches may be developed via consideration of the social psychological concept of resilience. Thus, a further aim of the present article is to develop the

Janelle Stanley and Sarah Strole

Trauma studies tend to focus on traumatic narratives - the telling and re-telling of trauma stories. Current evidence-based trauma therapies work almost exclusively with trauma narratives, and assume a basic level of client safety. When clients continue to live in unsafe and unstable environments, however, working towards a trauma narrative can be ineffective and even harmful. This chapter will look at the critical question of how clinicians provide effective trauma therapy even in an environment with limited resources. We will explore how to identify and strengthen existing coping skills; assist with limited and contained processing; and enhance client resilience. Our chapter will discuss differences between acute and chronic trauma, and highlight major theories and evidence-based trauma practices. We will then look at limitations and risks of current modalities when working with clients still living in chronically traumatizing and/or stressful environments. We highlight the danger of focusing solely on the traumatic experience when the client remains in an unsafe environment, arguing it can emphasize the fragmentation of the person and potentially reinforce cognitive distortions. We will share our adaptations of trauma therapies, which combine existing evidence-based trauma practices with insights from the harm-reduction framework common in addiction counselling. We will show how working with chronically traumatized clients requires a strongly relational approach for maximum efficacy. Our model can also be used when there are other significant constraints, such as limited or sporadic access to therapy. Our approach highlights working collaboratively with the client towards a goal of increased resiliency and skill-building, rather than the cessation of most or all symptoms. We will show how this approach can later be used as a foundation for traumatic processing if / when the client’s environment becomes more stable.

Series:

Ellen Alexandra Lothe

Hope was the major resilience-promoting factor emerging from in-depth conversations with nine young Ethiopian famine survivors at an orphanage outside Addis Ababa in 1998. Religious faith was also found to be a significant factor. The famine survivors were from 18 to 23 years of age and had suffered multiple loss of parents, family, social network and roots during the severe drought and famine in northern Ethiopia in the mid 1980’s. A follow-up study in Addis Ababa ten years after the original interviews renders no clear answer as to what extent hope and faith are still major factors in their resilience. The young adults still face painful dichotomies between hope and hopelessness, joy and despair, optimism and pessimism. Their locus of control seems to have shifted from an external locus, God and divinity, to an internal locus where their own personal forces have taken more power. They have accomplished some of their dreams and hopes, but harbour resignation and frustration regarding others. In terms of resilience, the question is whether hope has been a protective factor for these Ethiopian famine survivors, or whether a dwindling hope has made them strive harder to reach their goals.

Bidisha Banerjee and Shikha Dixit

The present chapter depicts a qualitative study, conducted as a part of a larger study to capture different shades of caregiving experiences of family members who were engaged in caregiving for relatives with mental illness. The aim of the research is to find the meaning of care-giving experiences in the Indian context. The study was conducted at an outpatient unit of a psychiatric clinic. Narratives were collected using in-depth unstructured interviews from ten families (multiple members) of diverse mental illness types (schizophrenia, mood disorder, and obsessive compulsive disorder). A self-reflexive approach was taken for data collection that helped the researcher to get connected with the research participants. An interview guide was used for data collection. Interviews were recorded and transcribed. Within case and across case analysis was used as method of analysis. Though, each narrative was unique, to get an overall picture they have been discussed under three broad categories: suffering, acceptance and resilience. The findings depicts the day to day sufferings of family caregivers who were watching their loved ones suffer from illness; the gradual detachment in relationship, and no reciprocity in caring along with meeting the financial and other demands. The study demonstrates that gradually the family caregivers accept their role as carers and consider their work as part of their lives or ‘dharma’ (the social responsibilities towards others, which are mandatory). Finally, the study sketches the family caregivers' journey towards becoming resilient over time. They could not separate their suffering from the patients’ suffering but accepted the difficulties of their role. In the long run they became resilient in handling the caregiving demands. This study can have a major impact on developing a culture centric intervention for family caregivers.

Jennifer Dunn, Colleen Best, David L. Pearl and Andria Jones-Bitton

referred to hereafter as the “animal welfare organization” ( AWO ). The objective of this study was to determine the point prevalence of stress, anxiety, depression, compassion fatigue, burnout, and resilience for employees at the AWO . Materials and Methods A cross-sectional study of employees at the

Stephen McLoughlin

counts as root causes and how to ameliorate them, downplaying the role of local contexts and overlooking the preventive work of local and national actors. 5 Indeed, this notion of structural prevention does not cast a lens over domestic sources of resilience. Certainly, the identification of root