Introduction Two mega-trends can be identified in contemporary disaster management; increasing vulnerability and exposure to disaster on the one hand, and the related efforts to strengthen disaster management systems. 1 A major trend in disaster management is the rising risk of disaster
Exploratory Case Studies from Indonesia and Ireland
Ronan McDermott and Patrick Gibbons
Annik Dubied Losa and Claudine Burton-Jeangros
© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI: 10.1163/156853011X590006 Society & Animals 19 (2011) 337-355 brill.nl/soan Human and Nonhuman Animals, Mutually at Risk: A Study of the Swiss Information Media Claudine Burton-Jeangros and Annik Dubied Losa University of Geneva claudine
Ajay K. Garg and A. Duvenhage
attaining legal equality and increasing employment opportunities for women. During the eighties literature demonstrated women’s development into entrepreneurial and risk-taking roles. While recently the role of women entrepreneur as a key social actor has been researched and associated phenomenon has been
(this includes dispositions related to risk, either in general or in specific domains: I return to this in the final section of this paper) are both heritable, and have consequences for inclusive fitness, natural selection can be expected to operate on them. There are at least two distinct commitments
Ma Xiaoqiang and Ding Xiaohao
The risk of individual citizen’s investment in education specifically refers to the benefit changeability of individual investment in education. Risks always go with uncertainty. By adopting the method of quantile regression estimation and taking the Chinese urban citizens as samples, the author makes a positivist study of the risk of Chinese urban citizens’ individual investment in education. The result indicates that the individual citizen’s investment in education often suffers obvious benefit changeability, i.e., the risk and benefit of investment in education shows a positive correlation. It is not realistic to reduce the inequality of salaries by means of investing more money for receiving higher-level education. Therefore, relevant policy makers should pay due attention to the establishment of the mechanism for sharing the risk of investment in education and the system of social insurance.
Shannon M. Barber-Meyer, L. David Mech, Wesley E. Newton and Bridget L. Borg
1. Introduction Many hypotheses, not necessarily mutually exclusive, exist regarding optimal pack size in wolves (see Fuller et al., 2003 for review). A relatively new idea and emerging area of research related to optimal-pack size is risk to the predator (injury or death) while hunting
Deobandi-aligned organization with strong support among the wealthy trader communities. In a relatively short time it has become the largest halal-authorizing body in South Africa according to revenue. Cross-Contamination and Food Technology: A Risk Discourse Muslim consumers had increasingly begun
The very end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st have brought about several marked changes to citizenship policy and practice. Not only are we witnessing increasing instances of de facto and de jure dual citizenship, with around half of all sovereign states accepting it in one form or another, but also the institutionalisation of European Union Citizenship has heralded the addition of another level of analysis, as well as a change in value of the citizenship of its member states. Similarly, the creation of new forms of ‘partial’ or ‘light’ citizenship such as the Turkish Pink Card and the Indian Non-Resident Indian scheme highlight the introduction of other (sub-citizenship) categories. The increasing number and complexity of these ‘citizenship constellations’ generate a pressing need to comprehend the way that individuals and groups understand and use their citizenship(s). Given the multiplicity of factors behind these decisions, and the ways that citizenship is enacted differently in different locations and situations, this is an increasingly difficult task. This chapter explores three possible factors that affect citizenship decisions: identity, opportunity and risk. These are illustrated both practically, using a series of recent examples; as well as theoretically, through the works of scholars such as Ghassan Hage and Aihwa Ong.
The Case of the Madurese
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How Risks Worsen Violations of Objective Rights
objectively worse when the probability that she would wrongfully kill an innocent person was higher. Other things equal, riskier killings (and other harms) are more seriously wrongful than less risky killings (and other harms). Of course, many have argued that risks harm those exposed to them, and that we