Ritual Capital

A Proposed Concept from Case Studies of School Selection in China

Ji Ruan

the “superior human” or “the sage”. Such a human would use li to act with propriety in every social matter. In simple terms: If one acts with propriety and proper rituals in order to achieve ren , one’s behaviour can be regarded as li , such as giving gifts to parents in order to achieve xiao


Ute Hüsken

The present volume is entirely dedicated to the investigation of the implications and effects of breaking ritual rules, of failed performances and of the extinction of ritual systems.
While rituals are often seen as infallible mechanisms which ‘work’ irrespective of the individual motivations of the performers, it is clearly visible here that rituals can fail, and that improper performances do in fact matter. These essays break new ground in their respective fields and the comparative analysis of rituals that go wrong introduces new perspectives to ritual studies. As the first book-length study on ritual mistakes and failure, this volume begins to fill a significant gap in the existing literature. Contributors include: Claus Ambos, Christiane Brosius, Johanna Buss, Burckhard Dücker, Christoph Emmrich, Brigitta Hauser-Schäublin, Maren Hoffmeister, Ute Hüsken, Brigitte Merz, Axel Michaels, Karin Polit, Michael Rudolph, Edward L. Schieffelin, Jan A.M. Snoek, Eftychia Stavrianopoulou, and Jan Weinhold.


Hans Schilderman

Discourse in Ritual Studies invites you to enter a conversation on the topic of liturgy from the perspective of ritual studies. Since liturgical topics are not among the most frequently addressed issues in ritual studies, this volume supplies a need for studies of public worship that take into account the multidisciplinary and innovative research in ritual studies while dealing with basic issues of religious studies and theology. The contributing authors share an action-oriented and empirical interest in ritual studies while not losing sight of perennial and normative questions that characterize the study of liturgy. Thus, a valuable discourse unfolds that opens up new opportunities for worship research in ritual studies. Contributers are: Johannes van der Ven, Ronald Grimes, Chris Hermans, Jacques Janssen, Jean-Pierre Wils, Georg Essen, Aad de Jong, Thomas Quartier, Remco Robinson, Lieve Gommers, Irene Houwer, and Hans Schilderman.

Ritual Imagination

A Study of Tromba Possession among the Betsimisaraka in Eastern Madagascar


Hilde Nielssen

Ritual Imagination is a study of spirit possession and ritual dynamics. Based on fieldwork in eastern Madagascar, Hilde Nielssen shows how tromba possession works as a flexible and fluid force, whose ritual imaginary playfully draws together elements from radically different cultural and social domains, thereby constituting human realities and creating ways of relating to changing and disjunctive circumstances. Tromba's strength lies in its fluid capacities to relate to ongoing social change by altering its own practices, while at the same time continuing to heal person and cosmos. The book critically addresses the still dominant perspective in anthropology, where rituals are understood as representations of culture and society. Using tromba as a pivotal case in the critique of ritual as representation, this book offers a fresh perspective on ritual and spirit possession.

Pilgrims, Prostitutes, and Ritual Seks

Heterodox Ritual Practices in the Context of the Islamic Veneration of Saints in Central Java

Volker Gottowik

ritual repertoire, as are pilgrimages to sacred sites that are associated with them. These sacred sites are visited on auspicious days (Jumat Kliwon, Jumat Pon, et cetera), in particular when they fall within the first month of the Islamic calendar (Suro or Muharram). Here I would like to highlight three

Votives, Places and Rituals in Etruscan Religion

Studies in Honor of Jean MacIntosh Turfa


Edited by Margarita Gleba and Hilary Becker

Etruscans were deemed “the most religious of men” by their Roman successors and it is hardly surprising that the topic of Etruscan religion has been explored for some time now. This volume offers a contribution to the continued study of Etruscan religion and daily life, by focusing on the less explored issue of ritual. Ritual is approached through fourteen case studies, considering mortuary customs, votive rituals and other religious and daily life practices. The book gathers new material, interpretations and approaches to the less emphasized areas of Etruscan religion, especially its votive aspects, based on archaeological and epigraphic sources.

Dániel Z. Kádár

1. Introduction The aim of this paper is to explore the way in which identities are indexed and (co-)constructed in ritual interaction vis-à-vis interactional style choices. Ritual interaction represents an understudied aspect of identity (co-)construction, despite it being a

Roel Sterckx

in at least three areas. First, the Chinese ritual canon shows that animals were socialized into a world in which their behavioral, physical, and anatomical qualities were described in terms of human virtues and ritual requirement. Second, the animal world inspired the orchestration of human forms of

Hannah Marcuson and Theo van den Hout

out, be found in Hittite ritual manuscripts. 7 Hittite ritual texts are attested on cuneiform tablets mainly from the capital city Hattuša. These texts are from a single archive controlled by the Hittite state, comprising several buildings, which enjoyed a lifespan of several hundred years and were

Shepherds, Rituals, and the Sacred

A Biocultural View of the Non-Modern Ontologies of Folk Shrines and Devotions in Central Italy

Fabrizio Frascaroli

tend to be mainly visited on annual occasions that fall on particular festivities. On these days, devotees from neighboring villages undertake a pilgrimage to the sacred places, which become animated by rituals and ceremonies, sometimes for several days. Seasonality, the occurrence of pilgrimages, and