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Antonio Barcelona

of the accumulated effect of a substantial number of dimensions . The detailed formulation and justification of this claim, resulting in the “salience grid” that will be presented below, is at the present stage only an elaborate working hypothesis that has been tested on a sample of clippings. On the

Marie McLeod

This chapter explores the epistemic salience of anti-racist education. Epistemic saliency is about the oppressed voice becoming salient. McLeod examines the flaws of Western conceptions of knowledge constructs on the Native/Indigenous through an anti-racist lens. These constructions are historically contingent, politically and socially constitutive, and produce forms of social organization. The discussion identifies the problematic implications of Eurocentric construction and production of knowledge on race and difference. It argues that contemporary pedagogues should take into account how knowledge construction and production are implicated in schooling. Current educational practices based on essentializing knowledge about the “other”, have contributed to racism and the unequal treatment of non-White students. The chapter examines ways in which racist ideas and actions are consciously entrenched by schooling structures and processes. It recognizes and examines issues of exploitation, oppression, domination and subordination embedded in dominant epistemological frameworks in schools with a view to rupture and subvert hegemonic paradigms of race and difference. Western epistemological constructions of race and difference must be reframed through anti-racist praxis. This chapter gives suggestions as to how pedagogues might use reframed knowledge constructs of race and difference, to rupture and resist the status quo.

Krista E. Wiegand

mediation attempts more likely. Many territorial disputes, and some maritime and river disputes, become militarized at some point, but some disputes never do. It would seem logical to say that salience of disputed territory and the territorial, maritime, and river disputes that become militarized are the

Emiliano Macaluso, Uta Noppeney, Durk Talsma, Tiziana Vercillo, Jess Hartcher-O’Brien and Ruth Adam

automatically integrate signals to increase their bottom-up salience, which is critical for detection tasks. By contrast, attention is likely to play a critical role in higher order association areas where signals are predominantly integrated into multisensory representations (e.g., spatial or semantic

Shaping identities in interaction by cognitive meanings

The variable usage of usted (es) as second-person object in Spanish

María José Serrano

the Canary Islands’. By means of cognitive salience and informativeness, variants of SPU (expressed or omitted) would contribute to perform different communicative styles across media genres based on gradual dimensions, such as objectivity and subjectivity. 2 These notions have been usually applied

Ann Taves

“things set apart and protected by taboos” as well as Tillich’s definition of religion as “ultimate concern,” we can identify two underlying processes: perceiving salience and appraising significance. We can use the controversies that arose in response to Tylor’s minimal definition of religion as “belief

Ruben Hoffmann, Carl-Johan Lagerkvist, Malin Hagberg Gustavsson and Bodil Ström Holst

thinking about this animal and to describe each aspect in one or a few words. The question was openly formulated to minimize the framing effect and to capture the salience of attributes, that is, the importance of attributes in memory. Salient attributes come to mind more easily and are considered more

Masipula Sithole

The Salience of Ethnicity in African Politics: The Case of Zimbabwe. MASIPULA SITHOLE University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe. ABSTRACT This is a largely theoretical paper discussing the ethnic factor in African politics. The paper gives ethnicity a psychosocial meaning and examines the


Ziwei Mimi Huang

This chapter aims to examine how metaphoric meanings are constructed in discourse processing, especially in a literary context. The relevance model, according to its pragmatic stand, should be able to interpret cognitive metaphor. However, some potential problems emerge when using the relevance model in metaphor studies. In order to solve these problems, I further review a salience model, which emphasizes the salient lexical meanings in the initial stage of metaphoric processing. As salience and relevance are both important aspects in interpreting metaphor in discourse context I further propose an alternative account that reveals both of the notion of salience and relevance. This proposed account is applied to analyse a selected literary text, Chest, to illustrate its metaphorical use of language. It is argued in this paper that relevance and salience are both important in metaphoric processing, and an analytical account that has both pragmatic and cognitive elements is needed to reveal the development of salient and relevant metaphorical meanings in the discourse context.

Spyros Blavoukos and Dimitris Bourantonis

how issue salience and controversy affect the Chair’s pursuit of autonomy. We hypothesize that in a highly polarized negotiating environment in which an issue of great salience is under negotiation, the bargaining parties are more alarmed by any attempt of the Chairs to conduct and direct negotiations