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Author: Lloyd Ridgeon

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2012 DOI: 10.1163/221059512X617658 Journal of Sufiji Studies 1 (2012) 3–30 brill.nl/jss The Controversy of Shaykh Awḥad al-Dīn Kirmānī and Handsome, Moon-Faced Youths: A Case Study of Shāhid-Bāzī in Medieval Sufism Lloyd Ridgeon University of Glasgow UK Abstract

In: Journal of Sufi Studies
Author: Ridgeon, Lloyd

Awḥād al-Dīn Kirmānī (d. 635/1238) was one of the most controversial Persian Ṣūfīs of the sixth/twelfth and seventh/thirteenth centuries. The controversy centred on the practice of samāʿ and his penchant for gazing at beautiful young boys (shāhid bāzī), which, sympathisers argue, was a way of

In: Encyclopaedia of Islam Three Online

“ umfasst Beiträge von Peter Heath („Reading al-Ghazālī: e Case of Psychology“), Nasrollah Pourjavady („Stories of Aḥmad al-Ghazālī ‘Playing the Witness’ in Tabrīz (Shams-i Tabrīzī’s interest in shāhid-bāzī )“), Roxanne D. Marcotte („Reason ( ʿaql ) and Direct Intuition ( mushā - hada ) in the Works of

In: Die Welt des Islams
Author: Atif Khalil

, hermeneutics and exegesis, ethics, poetics, ideas about corporeality and the body (through an analysis of shāhid-bāzī ), aesthetics, theodicy, spiritual psychology, and much more. Virtually no stone is left unturned in Lumbard’s highly erudite study—and if it is, it was invariably due to the constraints of

In: Journal of Sufi Studies

himself within the historical lineage of the mystical school of Bagdad which also used it in this way. The shāhid may refer to the practice of shāhid-bāzī or the contemplation of divine beauty in a created form, such as in the face of a youth. Qushayrī’s disapproval of this practice is explicit in

In: Journal of Sufi Studies
Author: Bruno De Nicola

-Faced Youths: A Case Study of Shāhid-Bāzī in Medieval Sufism’, Journal of Sufi Studies 1 (2012): 5, n. 3. References to Kirmānī’s rituals can also be found in Ḥamdallāh Mustawfī Qazwīnī, Tārīkh-i guzīda , ed. ʿAbd al-Ḥusayn Nawāʾī (Tehran: Amīr Kabīr, 1387 sh. / 2008), 667–8; and in Jāmī (d. 898

In: Journal of Sufi Studies

’ to the beauty and goodness of God, and initiated the practice of gazing at such a boy as a form of spiritual exercise.” 95 Such practices, known, among other things, as nazar-bāzī and shāhid-bāzī , and the literature referencing them, persisted well into the nineteenth century. This is not to say

In: Journal of Sufi Studies
Author: Mika Natif

’s Saint John, the Mughal artist may have been giving this Christian image the Islamic meaning of the beautiful shahid , or witness. In some mystical circles, it was believed possible to witness the divine while gazing at a handsome youth, an experience called shāhid-bāzī or naẓar-bāzī (playing the

In: Mughal Occidentalism