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net result of such efforts is to undercut rather than create soft power. Information warfare may involve intangibles, but that does not make it soft power. The Authoritarian Challenge and Sharp Power Over the past decade, Russia and China have spent tens of billions of dollars to shape public

In: The Hague Journal of Diplomacy

intangibles, but that does not make it soft power. The Authoritarian Challenge and Sharp Power Over the past decade, Russia and China have spent tens of billions of dollars to shape public perceptions and behaviour around the world, using tools that exploit the asymmetry of openness between their own

In: Debating Public Diplomacy
Editors: Jan Melissen and Jian Wang
This book is a much-needed update on our understanding of public diplomacy. It intends to stimulate new thinking on what is one of the most remarkable recent developments in diplomatic practice that has challenged practitioners as much as scholars. Thought-leaders and up-and-coming authors in Debating Public Diplomacy agree that official efforts to create and maintain relationships with publics in other societies encounter unprecedented and often unexpected difficulties. Resurgent geo-strategic rivalry and technological change affecting state-society relations are among the factors complicating international relationships in a much more citizen-centric world. This book discusses today’s most pressing public diplomacy challenges, including recent sharp power campaigns, the rise of populism, the politicization of diaspora relations, deep-rooted nation-state-based perspectives on culture, and public diplomacy’s contribution to counterterrorism. With influential academic voices exploring policy implications for tomorrow, this collection of essays is also forward-looking by examining unfolding trends in public diplomacy strategies and practices.

Originally published as Volume 14, Nos. 1-2 (2019) pp. 1-197 in Brill’s journal The Hague Journal of Diplomacy.

present its rise as merely an expression of soft power and deft public diplomacy rather than realpolitik or geopolitics. 44 The emergence of the ‘sharp power’ concept — just as China moves more assertive internationally, for example with its aggressive efforts to militarize the South China Sea — may

In: The Hague Journal of Diplomacy
Authors: Jan Melissen and Jian Wang

be more diverse and less parochial. These include critiques on the relative importance of soft power or sharp-power practices challenging openness as a norm in public diplomacy and undermining democratic procedure. This special issue ranges from a fundamental discussion of soft power (Nye) and

In: The Hague Journal of Diplomacy
Author: Evan H. Potter

-centric’ conceptualisations of it as a concept. 8 As such, analysts should conceptualise Russia’s public diplomacy as one track in Russia’s approach to global information management, a track that, as the occasion requires, can be supplemented by more ‘sharp power’ practices — that is, selective and/or misleading use of

In: The Hague Journal of Diplomacy

‘hybrid warfare’. 9 Yet the present crisis is deeper than the need to respond to a single rogue state undermining international media, or even the crisis of multiple states seeking to assert themselves through aggressive use of media, recently dubbed ‘sharp power’. 10 The crisis is a symptom as much as

In: The Hague Journal of Diplomacy

://www.mfa.gr/en/current-affairs/top-story/alternate-minister-of-foreign-affairs-attends-reception-of-medical-supplies-donated-by-china-athens-21-march-2020.html . Nye , Joseph . ‘ How Sharp Power Threatens Soft Power: The Right and Wrong Ways to Respond to Authoritarian Influence ’. Foreign Affairs , 24 January 2018 . https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/china/2018-01-24/how-sharp-power

In: The Hague Journal of Diplomacy
Author: Cecilia Albin

. What avenue is chosen depends in part on the balance of power, particularly in bilateral negotiations. The absence of sharp power inequalities enhances the motivation and need for parties to consider and act upon each other’s justice concerns, while their presence easily undermines the chance for the

In: International Negotiation
Author: Eva Pils

part at least, this would be difficult due to the same transnational interconnectedness that also facilitates transnational repression, ‘authoritarian advances’ and uses of ‘sharp power.’ ( Walker et al 2017; Godement et al 2017; Benner et al 2018 ). While resembling 20 th century ideas and practices

In: China Law and Society Review