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Authors: Mariya Pak and Kai Wegerich

either at existing large reservoirs (Toktogul, Nurek) or potential hydropower plants (Rogun, Kambarata). 6 To date, the research has not focused on cooperation on smaller reservoirs or other transboundary infrastructure. 7 Little attention has been paid to historic benefit-sharing approaches regarding

In: Central Asian Affairs
Authors: R.T. Clarke and C.J. Reading

the mid-wife toad, Alytes obstetricans (Lataste) at a small reservoir in central Spain during 1986 and 1987. Females divided their total egg production into at least three separate clutches. The majority of males brooded between one and three clutches of eggs, though one may have brooded four. First

In: Amphibia-Reptilia

The great sensitivity of amphibians to land disturbance is one of the main causes that contributed to their worldwide decline. One fundamental approach in assessing amphibian ability to reflect habitat degradation is to measure their phenotypic changes in contrasting environments. We examined the extent to which several morphological traits of the endemic anuran Pelophylax perezi responded to agricultural conversion in Monegros, an arid region in NE Spain. Specifically, we determined how body size, body mass, body condition (BC) and fluctuating asymmetry (FA) of different frog classes varied among habitats with different degree of management, i.e. rice fields vs. control ponds (i.e. small reservoirs). Pelophylax perezi juveniles showed a decrease in size and mass in rice fields, revealing that early life stages are generally more susceptible to habitat alteration. Adult body condition, on the other hand, increased significantly in cultivated habitats, which apparently indicates a good fitness in this size class. Nonetheless, skeletal asymmetry of both, juveniles and adults was significantly higher in rice fields. Moreover, during postmetamorphic development FA increased significantly towards adult stage indicating that the development controlling mechanisms were not able to buffer the stress induced by land use change. Among traits, humerus, radio-ulna and metatarsal were highly sensitive in terms of expressing significant FA differences between habitats, contrary to tibio-fibula, whose precise symmetry is essential for animal locomotion. The former bones have therefore the potential to be used as sensitive indicators of stress in amphibians. FA showed no relationship with body condition. This, together with the previous results demonstrates that FA is able to capture habitat stress more reliably than the morphological estimates such as body size, mass and BC. Therefore, FA is a useful morphological tool, highly recommended to monitor stress levels in amphibian populations.

In: Amphibia-Reptilia

Transboundary Small Reservoir Construction  225 Mariya Pak and Kai Wegerich Mediating the Conflict in the Rasht Valley, Tajikistan: The Hegemonic Narrative and Anti-Hegemonic Challenges  247 Edward Lemon cluster on nuclear issues in kazakhstan Kazakhstan and the

In: Central Asian Affairs

Commission under Paragraph 5 of this Decree and, if an exemption is denied, may petition the Court for appropriate relief under Paragraph 11 of this Decree. 7 In 1988 there were 63 small reservoirs in New Mexico with capacities of 100 acre- feet or less with a total capacity of about 1,000 acre

In: Dividing the Waters

(Botosaneanu and Malicky, 1978). The larvae build transportable tube-shape cases with uniform pieces of plant detritus. The larvae are characteristically found in small reservoirs. They particularly inhabit stagnant waters (Malicky, 1973), but also are found in running waters (Statzner, 1979). Oligotricha

In: Amphibia-Reptilia
Author: Majed Akhter

Stocking Water’, shows the increasing surface area of Singapore devoted to reservoir storage through four sub-maps, dated 1958, 1975, 2006, and 2015. In 1958, the main island has only three small reservoirs, forming a small line in the centre of the island: the Seletar, Pierce, and MacRitchie reservoirs

Open Access

) in a project report. From samples collected in a small reservoir in the state of Sinaloa, on the PaciŽ c coast of Mexico, the occurrence of Mesocyclops aspericornis is now effectively reported herein. The Mexican specimens were examined using both light microscopy and SEM in order to provide

In: Crustaceana
Author: M. Straškraba

existing data on ground waters, small reservoirs and ponds of the area are indicated. Chap. 3. Systematic composition and some aspects of the biology of amphipods and mysids. The total number of species and subspecies amounts to 38 Gammaridae, 8 Corophiidae, and 16 Mysidae, several of which have been

In: Crustaceana

concentrate around remaining running waters, pools, and small reservoirs, effectively reducing territory size and scent marking boundaries (Ruiz- Olmo et al., 2007). The negative association found between the use of reservoirs and the length of watercourses with developed riparian vegetation in the

In: Animal Biology