Collections consists of collected writings by leading scholars and specialists on the legal systems of the Soviet Union, Eastern Europe, Mongolia, China, and other members of the family of socialist legal systems. It contains the collected papers of Harold J. Berman, William E. Butler, John N. Hazard, and Rudolf Schlesinger, spanning over 700 articles, books, and reviews published since 1936.
The development of the Chinese legal system is based on the learning of foreign legal systems. Foreign legal history, as one of the elementary courses in higher legal education, is becoming a driving force for China’s progress toward the rule of law and is playing an indispensible role in the construction of Chinese legal system by educating, cultivating and academic exchanging. The discipline of Foreign Legal History not only provides diverse perspectives for the construction of a new Chinese legal system, but also testifies the establishment of the rule of law in China. It not only benefits Chinese legal system, but also makes contribution to the cultivation of the new generation of Chinese legal talents. Therefore, we should insist on learning from the legal cultural heritage embedded in Foreign Legal History for the purpose of developing Chinese legal system.
The Third Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China held in 1978 marked the initiation of the policy of reform and opening up in China, beginning a new chapter in the construction of a socialist legal system. The first Chinese criminal procedure law was promulgated the following year and was revised twice in 1996 and 2012. Although remarkable progress has been made, the level of the rule of law in China’s criminal procedure must still be improved to meet the goal of modernizing the criminal rule of law.
In 2006, China experienced a legislation boom. The Standing Committee of the National People?s Congress (?the NPC Standing Committee?) altogether promulgated 6 laws, such as the ?Supervision Law of the Standing Committee of All Levels of People?s Congress of the PRC? etc. Promulgation of these laws has played a vital role in standardizing Chinese society. According to the legislation plan for 2007 to the beginning of 2008, the number of effective current laws in China will reach 230, which will form the initial stage of a more complete socialist legal system of standards and will lay a solid legal foundation for building a harmonious society. In looking at the content of legislation, the legislation plan in 2007 has strengthened social legislation while refining economic legislation, such as the ?Law on Emergency Responses,? the ?Urban and Rural Planning Law? and the ?Employment Promotion Law? and so on.
From 20072008, the development of income distribution in China experienced new movements and new tendencies, which paved the way for new approaches to the resolution of burgeoning income differentials. The law is an important system of protection for lasting national peace and stability and is also a long-acting mechanism with the power to regulate income distribution relations. With the promulgation and implementation of the Property Law, a socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics has been basically formed. The urban-rural gap is the primary cause of income differentials in China and its contribution rate is more than 40% in national individual income differentials. Financial development can expand residents investment choices, as well as the channels for increasing wealth. Judging from the medium- and long-term construction of an income distribution system, the promotion of efficiency and fairness coordination is crucial to the formation of a reasonable and ordered income distribution pattern.