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Edited by Dikaia Chatziefstathiou and Andrea Kathryn Talentino

Edited by Dikaia Chatziefstathiou and Andrea Kathryn Talentino

Andreia Soares e Castro

sports diplomacy is proving increasingly attractive to governments, as it can reinforce and complement a state’s traditional diplomacy. Indeed, states make huge investments to host international sporting events in order to obtain certain benefits, opportunities and investments before, during and after

Susan Dun and Mo’tasem Kalaji

After successfully hosting the Asian Games in 2006, the tiny oil rich nation of Qatar burst onto the international sports scene. The emirate further cemented its position in the world of sport with its competitive if ultimately unsuccessful bids for the 2016 and 2020 Olympics, and its stunning coup to win the hosting rights for the 2022 FIFA World Cup. At the same time, Qatar’s global aspirations in the sports world have been accompanied by pressure to increase participation of women on its international sports teams. For example, in the most recent Olympic bid, it did not escape notice that Qatar remained one of only three countries that had never sent a female athlete to the Olympics. The International Olympic Committee strongly encouraged Qatar to include women in London, and made available wild card positions for female Qatari athletes. In a historical moment for Qatar, in March 2012 Qatar announced that Qatari women would be on the London 2012 team. Additionally, Qatar has recently invested heavily in the development of elite female Qatari athletes. At the 2011 Arab Games hosted by Qatar, for example, of the 785 female athletes competing 13% were Qatari women, and the Qatari women won 10 gold medals. Thus, it would appear that women’s sports participation at the elite level is having noticeable effects in Qatar. However, whether it will make a difference in the sport participation of non-elite Qatari women is an open question. In this chapter we explore the potential emancipatory effects of sport for women who have historically experienced far fewer freedoms than their Western counterparts. Taking into account the conservative Bedouin Qatari culture and the rapid recent growth in Qatar, we examine the unanticipated role sport is playing in the lives of Muslim women in Qatar, asking the question is top-down focus on elite sports leading to changing attitudes toward female physical activity in Qatar?

Michele Acuto

diplomatic role of cities, but also to draw a direct line between international and urban politics. This article argues that two important dimensions that are widely overlooked are: the role of sporting events as a medium to intervene politically in everyday affairs; and the centrality of city leadership in

osce vs Transnational Threats

Today and in the Future

Alexey L. Lyzhenkov

, to attend various masses and sporting events, in short to have usual human life without anxiety for their children, for their families and friends, for themselves? osce Basics to Address Transnational Threats In an effort to answer this question let us focus briefly on the osce toolbox

Series:

Jade Alexander

, and captures roller derby’s post-bout high-five. This moment was emphasised in almost all participants’ interviews as a central attraction to roller derby, and practice that distinguished roller derby from other sports and sporting events. As Pepa la Pow, a skater from Western Sydney Rollers explains

Christopher McMichael

policing conference in Rio with the theme of ‘Security Planning for Major Sporting Events’. 53 Ncame claimed at the conference that ensuring a favourable financial environment for FIFA through the implementation of the 2010 Special Measures Act was chief among the lessons learned by South Africa. 54

Robert M. Baum

The existing literature on religion and sport focuses on the ways that sporting events take on many aspects of religious events, fostering a sense of community and reinforcing a sense of opposition to external groups. This article focuses on a different aspect, the use of ritual to reduce the uncertainties of athletic competition in wrestling matches and its role in socializing boys and girls into the religious obligations that they will assume as adults. Utilizing a case study from the southern Diola of the Casamance area of Senegal, it builds on the author’s participation in wrestling rituals to analyze the ways in which rituals surrounding wrestling matches socialize boys and girls into ritual life, while providing individual wrestlers with a sense of protection against spiritual attacks and the uncertainties of individual competitions.

Ley de la cinematografía nacional in Gaceta Oficial26 Oct 2005. Full text on the Assembly’s website at http://www.asambleanacional.gob.ve/. Ley orgánica de deporte actividad fisica y educación fisica (sport and sporting events) in Gaceta Oficial23 Aug 2011. Derogates the Decreto of 22 Jun 1995.