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Kristy Ironside

state bonds required more than jingles, romantic comedies, and appeals to socialist consciousness. Beginning in 1927, “mass subscription bonds” were issued to support the Five-Year Plans and other economic goals and were purchased during workplace campaigns in Soviet factories, offices, and collective

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Olga Ishutina

-relationship of Russia’s civil and budgetary legislation in light of the rules and regulations governing obligations arising BNKI OP=PA OA?QNEPEAO QJ@AN ?KJ@EPEKJO KB = ­J=J?E=H ?NEOEO 1DA =NCQAO PD=P PDA redemption of state bonds (treasury bills) by exchanging them for other state debt instrument bonds does not

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Shall We Ask Al-Azhar? Maybe Not

Lessons from the Ṣukūk Bill Incident

Gianluca P. Parolin

economic and financial situation of Egypt in early 2013, illustrate this point, and the strong reaction from the fjp . The first jeopardized a critical loan from the eu , and the second blocked an attempt to raise money through the introduction of sharia-compliant state bonds (the Ṣukūk Bill

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Académie de Droit International de la Ha

The Law Governing International Commercial Contracts: Hard Law Versus Soft Law by Michael Joachim Bonell
and
The Private-Public Divide in International Dispute Resolution by Burkhard Hess
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Kosheri, Rashed and Riad

in the form of thirty-year state bonds. Article 4 of the Decree Law No. 127 of 1961 amending Law No. 178 of 1952 provides that the person whose land is taken over by the government in accor- dance with the Decree Law No. 127 of 1961 has the right to compensation as pre- scribed in the Decree Law No

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Stephen Miller

speculation and rents remunerative and stable sources of bourgeois income. Businessmen tended to have property in town and country as a form of insurance and credit, and as a basis for retirement to a life of ease. The Parisian bourgeoisie had nearly 20 per cent of their wealth in state bonds and about 15 per

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Lea Heimbeck

. State Bankruptcies during the Long 19th Century In the 1820s states started to issue bonds on foreign financial markets. 1 Due to industrialization many people had saved capital which some preferably invested in foreign state bonds as such securities were highly profitable. Rothschild, for example

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Makoto Itoh

joint-stock companies (and state bonds) as an important component of the financial system, in combination with the credit system – thus extending the historical basis of our abstraction into late capitalism – the role of the external supply of idle money funds cannot easily be dismissed. Money capitals

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Separation of public and private ..................................................... 94 State awards ........................................... 199, 232 State bonds ...................................................... 209 State border, maritime zone ............................ 196 State Counties (local

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Stephen Miller

, and provincial estates – redistributed income from the peasantry to the nobility and bourgeoisie. It is well documented that the bourgeoisie rented the right to collect seigneurial dues from nobles and bishops, and purchased lordly rights, venal offices, titles and state bonds, down to the end of the