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Iris Kolman

ways to deal with sexuality outside of state-registered marriage ( Al-Ali et al. 2016 ; El Feki 2015). Youth engaging in nonconventional forms of Muslim marriages, such as non-state registered religious-only ( ‘urfi ) marriages or temporary marriages, has become the topic of considerable public

Eva F Nisa

will be an ideal life for me to work here and be accompanied by a husband who also has his own income. So, we both can help each other and even help our families back in Indonesia. 18 Opting for a religiously valid yet non-state-registered marriage is perceived by the parties involved as a


Susan Leahy and Kathryn O’Sullivan

, there has been no in-depth exploration as to whether, or to what extent, non-state registered marriages – so called nikah -only marriages – may be taking place within the jurisdiction. 9 While some couples may jointly and knowingly chose to enter into a religious Muslim marriage only, 10 particular

Religious-Only Marriages in the UK

Legal Positionings and Muslim Women’s Experiences

Rehana Parveen

Non-state-registered Muslim marriages are often considered as a poor alternative to civil marriage, accepted by vulnerable or ill-informed Muslim women. Problematizing such marriages is based on the assumption that entering into a civil marriage (in addition to or as an alternative to the Muslim marriage) is beneficial for all Muslim women. Listening to the narratives of the women concerned reveals a wide range of opinions, including those that prefer to enter into religious-only marriages. Solutions to the problems presented by unregistered religious-only marriages have thus far been proposed in a manner that reflects a discourse that considers unregistered marriages as somehow conceptually problematic. However, in so far as English law is concerned, the legal position of Muslims who enter into non-state-registered marriages is no different from that of cohabitees, who live together without the ‘protection’ of a civil marriage. Therefore, it may be worth considering whether the issue at stake is reconsidering family law and laws concerning cohabitation, rather than a separate set of rules and regulations for Muslims.

Annelies Moors, Rajnaara C. Akhtar and Rebecca Probert

state-registered marriage. From these six case studies, four themes emerge that we briefly discuss below: the state regulation of religion and marriage, the problematization of Muslim religious-only marriages, the interventions of religious authority figures, and the perspectives of those involved in

Contesting the Boundaries between Civil and Religious Marriage

State and Mosque Discourse in Pluralistic Norway

Anja Bredal

restrict themselves to state-registered marriages only. They not only refuse to perform nikah -only ceremonies, they also argue that the Norwegian civil certificate is sufficient in terms of documentation as they consider it also Islamically valid. These mosques claim that Norwegian civil marriage and