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Jennifer Carter and Clark Scott Taylor


There is a critical need to reduce the surrender rates of companion animals by understanding the socio-economic circumstances of caretakers. This research analyzed questionnaires with 117 relinquishers and 13 interviews. Interviews were conducted with relinquishers and staff at Sunshine Coast Animal Refuge Society and Sunshine Coast Animal Pound. Most companion animals relinquished were from litters and around half were de-sexed and micro-chipped. A caretaker’s living situation was a critical reason for relinquishment. Humans need to understand the time and space needs of companion species, how these might change with time, and the relationality between humans and companion animals. Alongside regulated breeding and accessible sterilization, shelter staff and other organizations might offer more tailored solutions, especially temporary care, during times of socio-economic crisis. Fundamentally, individuals need to critically examine their commitment to caretaking, but solutions are also structural and should be tailored to the underpinning socio-economic geography of different regions.

Sia Spiliopoulou Åkermark

” in the phraseology of the Canadian Supreme Court, go beyond individual human rights systems and voting rights towards the direction of comprehensive structural solutions of representation, contacts, accountability and decision-making. Is this argument then an argument in favour of internal solutions


Tamás Dávid-Barrett, James Carney, Anna Rotkirch and Isabel Behncke Izquierdo


Narrative representations of complex social networks in the performing arts are cognitively challenging, both for audiences and artists. This has been recognized in recent scholarship, where expositions have focused on social networks in (for instance) realist fiction (Carroll et al.: 2012), ancient and medieval epic (Mac Carron and Kenna: 2012), hyperlink cinema (Krems and Dunbar: 2013), and comic-book fiction (Carney et al.: 2014). Here, we contribute to this important research by way of a case study of Mozart’s opera The Marriage of Figaro, a rare combination of popular entertainment and intellectual complexity that has persisted as an audience favorite for nearly 230 years. We investigate the number and types of dyadic interactions in the libretto and analyze representations of the social network during the opera. Results show that the nine main characters of the opera are entangled in a social network that includes 36 different dyadic relationships pointing from one person to another. The entire social network, however, is never present or implied on stage simultaneously. The average number of persons singing or implied through a singing role at any specific time is 3.66 and seldom reaches above five. Only at the end of the second act, famous in history for challenging audiences to entertain several instances of dramatic tension, seven characters sing separate parts simultaneously. We suggest that part of this opera’s enduring appeal is its narrative and structural solutions to representing complex and ecologically valid social interactions onstage, and call for comparative studies of how social behavior is represented in the performing arts.

Bermann, George A.

. Federalism guidelines pp. 50  B. Federal structural solutions pp. 53  C. Federal procedural solutions pp. 54  D. Non-judicial review of federalism or subsidiarity pp. 57  E. Executive controls on federal or Community action pp. 60  F. Judicial review pp. 61

Pictish Progress

New Studies on Northern Britain in the Middle Ages


Edited by Stephen T. Driscoll, Jane Geddes and Mark A. Hall

This publication is the culmination of an extended programme of conferences that have sought to mark the contribution of F. T. Wainwright to Pictish studies and, in particular, the 50th anniversary of The Problem of the Picts. The book is firmly in the tradition of interdisciplinary scholarship Wainwright did so much to promote and brings together much fresh thinking on the archaeological, art-historical, place name and historical understanding of Northern Britain in the second half of the first millennium AD. Within a wider, European framework it addresses questions of landscape, material culture and mentalities, revealing some of the different strategies by which the Picts made their world. All the studies are accessibly presented to serve the interests of students, teachers and anyone interested in the roots of European civilisation.
Contributors are Barbara E. Crawford, Nicholas Evans, Iain Fraser, James Fraser, Meggen Gondek, Stratford Halliday, Andrew Heald, Kellie Meyer, Gordon Noble, Robert D. Stevick, Simon Taylor and Sarah Winlow.

Margaret Mih Tillman

work of the campaign. Gross credits Mao both for initiating the campaign and for inspiring educated youth to carry out the taxing work of prevention and treatment. Although success rates varied along with the education level of the work teams (128), educated youth developed structural solutions (what

Ineke van ’t Spijker

relief in these centuries. Although the main concern would have been to ensure the prayer of the poor for their salvation, rather than any structural solution of poverty, certain arrangements—that most alms should be distributed in the coldest months, for example—show that the charity of some of the

Véronique Bruggeman

maximization—if the following four questions can be answered positively: 1) Is there a structural solution which gives legal certainty? 2) Are both personal injuries and property damage compensated through a comprehensive scheme? 3) Does the compensation mechanism provide preventive incentives? 4) Do private

Knoppers and Fecteau

have created “a proliferation of fragmented and overlapping rights”. 55 Multiple contributors with copyrights and multiple database right owners involves seeking permission from every owner and paying multiple licence fees. Several structural solutions have been put forward but we need also to consider