that has passed since the genocide in Rwanda, genocide and mass atrocity have continued. The genocidal persecution of theRohingya in Burma/Myanmar
stands as a recent example, and one of the best to illustrate both the changes in the global atrocity prevention regime and, ultimately, the
of the country.
However, very recently, albeit belatedly, two major events have engaged the attention of global media, (a) the ethnic clashes between theRohingya Muslims and the Buddhist community in the Rakhine province of Myanmar in June and October 2012;
and (b) the plight of the
research support to theRohingya emergency response in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. The humanitarian emergency with which the global community was dealing involved a mass-scale displacement of theRohingya from Myanmar across the border to Bangladesh. Now recognised as one of the most persecuted minorities of
Introduction While my co-editor, Luke Glanville, and I were in the midst of organising this special issue publication, I was called to provide research support to theRohingya emergency response in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. The humanitarian emergency with which the global community was dealing
Council can still use its veto power to insulate a state that is perpetrating atrocities from scrutiny or sanction. Similarly, in late 2017 theRohingya minority in Myanmar (Burma) faced months of sustained atrocities perpetrated by the security forces without the Security Council doing anything to halt
TheRohingya, a Muslim minority group residing in Rakhine State in western Myanmar, are among the most desperate people in the world. In the last several decades, they have been systematically marginalised, oppressed, and persecuted by both the state apparatus and an intolerant Buddhist majority
Among the various ethnic groups, the living conditions of theRohingya Muslims are the worst. Myanmar does not even recognize theRohingya as a distinct ethnic group. Around 5 per cent of the total Burmese population adheres to Islam.
TheRohingyas are the largest Muslim group in Myanmar, and
Myanmar’s recent reforms have opened an uncertain chapter in the history of theRohingya, a Muslim minority group representing one of the world’s most protracted cases of statelessness. Perceived by some as illegal Bengali migrants, for decades theRohingya have suffered
1 Introduction The widespread threat and use of sexual violence was integral to their strategy, humiliating, terrorizing and collectively punishing theRohingya community and serving as a calculated tool to force them to flee their homelands and prevent their return.