This paper centers on tonal representation of Chinese Wenzhou dialect. Tonal behaviors in Wenzhou indicate that tone is on an independent tier to the segment. Also, because of the complex of register and contour, Chinese tones have been represented with a structure of two dimensions, i.e. register and contour. However, these representations present an insolvable dilemma when analyzing the tonal behavior of Wenzhou dialect. Noticing that tone sandhi in Wenzhou is totally blind to register, we will propose that register is not an underlying feature for Wenzhou tone. We will further suggest that it is the initial consonant that carries the feature of register. This paper will conclude that the tonal representation of Wenzhou dialect has only one level, the tonal contour is formed by concatenation of level tones, and initial consonants carry the burden of meaning distinction that “tonal register” is supposed to carry.
nberg]. Whoever cannot realize this, misunderstands my music." In sum, it was the consensus of the conference participants that Bart6k was a partisan of tonallycontoured and conceived music-including the frequent modal switches and turns to be found in East European folk music. At this.point in the
most prominent part of the tonalcontour. Abritta 2015 has a summary both of the theory and its modifications. For the purposes of this paper, it will suffice to note that the Ancient Greek accent was a tonalcontour or ‘contonation’, including a high tone in a mora (marked by the acute) followed by a
text, some do not allow for vocal fold modulation at all, and others are not sufficiently periodic for optimal perceptual retrieval of such modulation. The shortage of pitch bearing segmental material can lead to cases in which a communicatively relevant tonalcontour (e.g. a pitch movement
tonal edge darkening image heads the list, immediately after it is the conventional shading stimulus of highest contrast. The tonalcontour modulation stimulus occurs before the next anchor in the scale, so do four of the chromatic stimuli. These are apparently excellent replacements for the standard
the ancestor of Vietnamese) and indirect supporting evidence of OC suffixes (e.g. Haudricourt 1954; Sagart 1999). In both Sinitic and Vietnamese, final fricatives and laryngeals /-s/, /-h/, and /-ʔ/ have been lost, and tonalcontour and varying degrees of phonation are the remnants of those lost
the apparently frozen-in-time nature of tonal depressor effects, since depression occurs following voiced obstruents that did not originate as nasalized clicks or plain nasal consonants. It may be that depression was a synchronic rule at an earlier stage of the grammar but the depressed tonalcontours
circumflex or an orthographic doubling of the vowel to represent the tone, the vowel in the word for tea is pronounced in the yángpíng 陽平 ‘light level’ tone class, which in Amoy and Chinchew Hokkien has a rising tonalcontour which can be represented either as EQ02E8EQ02E6 (24) or as EQ02E7EQ02E5 (35). In
. Shanghai: American Presbyterian Mission Press). Schlegel (1896) dismisses a Hokkien source for the Portuguese word tufão ‘typhoon’. However, the first syllable in the Portuguese word suggests one of the three pronunciations of Hokkien 大 ⟨ta ~ tuā ~ tāi⟩.
60 The Hokkien tonalcontours indicated