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Berglund, Bruce R.

The term “totalitarianism” has been used by politicians and intellectuals to label and analyze the ideological dictatorships of the 20th century, in particular Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union under Josef Stalin (1879–1953). Applied normatively and descriptively, “totalitarianism” denotes the

Konrad Hecker

1. Totalitarianism is a term applied as a rule indifferently to all systems of total control of individual and social life by the State. It is therefore formally speaking a type of society in which the essential dialectical interplay of spontaneous interaction, and social condition as a pre

Yushun Huang

Translator Kathryn Henderson

, because this “political meritocracy” (also translated as shangxian zhi 尚賢制) 3 inherently represents a slippery slope that could lead to totalitarianism, which would severely and damagingly affect not only contemporary Confucianism and China in general but also the world’s other political civilizations

William Outhwaite, William Outhwaite and Larry Ray

’s How Russia is Ruled ( 1953 ) was one of the leading examples of the totalitarianism model. The opening sentence declares that “The aim of this book is to analyze the physiology, as well as the anatomy, of Soviet totalitarianism” (ibid.:ix), and the book ends with the declaration that “(t

To Have Done with the Philosophical Cold War

A Review of Fanaticism: On the Uses of an Idea by Alberto Toscano

Rodrigo Nunes

without an examination of that other great trope, ‘totalitarianism’. The equivalence established under its sign between Fascism, Nazism and Communism is examined in the last chapter, through the notion of ‘political religion’ – which, ironically, originated with comparisons between victorious Soviet

Muriel Blaive

simplified theory of totalitarianism, stressing coercion at the cost of consent as the foundation of dictatorial regimes,” an orientation which “brought about a narrowing of themes and questions” (220). The predominant narrative was one of victimization, which came to be symbolized in the course of the 1990s

Josette Baer

69 Josette Baer TWO PERSPECTIVES ON TOTALITARIANISM Comparing the Theories of Zheliu Zhelev and Hannah Arendt While Hannah Arendt's The Origins ofTotalitarianism does not require further recognition, Fascism (Fisbizmt, Sofia, 1982) by Zheliu Zhelev, former Bulgarian President, is virtually

Graf, Friedrich Wilhelm and Zenkert, Georg

Judy D. Whipps

and rationality doesn’t protect one from supporting immoral practices. We only need to look to Heidegger for evidence of that. Instead, the Nazi intellectuals used “science” and the logic of eugenics to pursue “scientific” racism and slaughter. In the Origins of Totalitarianism , Arendt said, citing

Eva Pils

:// . Arendt Hannah . 1973 . The Origins of Totalitarianism (New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich , 1973 ). Branigan Tania . 2011 . ‘Crackdown in China spreads terror among dissidents, The Guardian , 31 March 2011, https