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Marijn van Putten

, it is done using three or four oblique lines after the last word of the verse. Every ten verses are marked, both by the original scribe in brown ink: a circle between verse division strokes, and by the vocalizer subsequently marked them with a red circle. The original pattern can be seen best on f

Noriko Katsu, Kazunori Yamada and Masayuki Nakamichi

(Fedurek & Slocombe, 2011 ). A large number of such studies have been conducted focusing on context-specific, functionally referential vocalizations (Zuberbühler, 2003 ). Referential vocalizations are tied to specific objects or events, such as predators (Crockford & Boesch, 2003 ; Slocombe

Gabriel L.M. Rosa, Jesse M. Ellis, Elisa Bonaccorso and Luiz dos Anjos

& Anjos, 2010 ; Uejima et al., 2012 ). Here, we revise the current descriptions of New World jay vocal repertoires and propose a concise and unifying terminology for function and context of vocalizations. We include guidelines which may be useful for future descriptions and comparative studies. Those

Raanan Eichler

reading differs from the Masoretic Text only in the vocalization of a single word, it is theologically significant, changing the meaning of the verse and, indeed, of the entire Eden Narrative. I will further argue that this reading may be closest to the original authorial intent. The Witnesses Four

Thaddeus R. McRae and Steven M. Green

& Elias, 2011 ). Studies of alarm signals in terrestrial vertebrates have focused on single modalities, examining vocalizations or tail movements (Hennessy et al., 1981 ; Swaisgood et al., 2003 ), but not both modalities together. Arboreal squirrels frequently use both vocalizations and tail signals as

Carel Ten Cate and Mechteld R. Ballintijn

in songbirds, perch-coos of male doves develop gradually into more conspic- uous vocalizations, showing some plasticity in form development. In contrast, in female doves none of the vocal parameters changed with age. As a result, the structure of adult female coos continued to resemble that of

Shai Heijmans

© Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2011 DOI: 10.1163/147783511X619854 Aramaic Studies 9 . 2 ( 2011 ) 279 – 289 Aramaic Studies www.brill.nl/arst About the ‘Unreliability’ of the Vocalization of Western Targum-Manuscripts * Shai Heijmans Department of Hebrew Language, Tel-Aviv University Abstract

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Adam Cooper

In Reconciling Indo-European Syllabification, Adam Cooper brings together two seemingly disparate phenomena associated with Indo-European syllable structure: the heterosyllabic treatment of medial consonant clusters, which tolerates CVC syllables, and the right-hand vocalization of sonorants, which ostensibly avoids them. Operating from a perspective that is simultaneously empirical, theoretical, and historical in nature, he establishes their compatibility by crafting a formal analysis that integrates them into a single picture of the reconstructed system.

More generally, drawing on evidence from Vedic, Greek, and Proto-Indo-European itself, Cooper demonstrates the continued relevance of the ancient Indo-European languages to contemporary linguistic theory, and, moreover, reaffirms the value of the syllable as a unit of phonology, necessary for these languages’ formal representation.

Thorsten Balsby, Simon Boel Pedersen and Torben Dabelsteen

DEGRADATION OF WHITETHROAT VOCALISATIONS: IMPLICATIONS FOR SONG FLIGHT AND COMMUNICATION NETWORK ACTIVITIES by THORSTEN J.S. BALSBY 1) , TORBEN DABELSTEEN and SIMON BOEL PEDERSEN 2) (Department of Animal Behaviour & Centre for Sound Communication, Zoological Institute, University of Copenhagen

V.J. De Ghett

THE ONTOGENY OF ULTRASONIC VOCALIZATION IN MICROTUS MONTANUS by V. J. DE GHETT 1) (Department of Psychology, State University of New York, Potsdam, N.Y., U.S.A.) (With 4 Figures) (Acc. 10-1-1976) I. INTRODUCTION COLVIN (1973) reported data on the ontogeny of various parameters of ultrasound