Ahmad Noori, Parvaneh Moghaddam, Ehsan Kamrani, Arash Akbarzadeh, Bita Kalvani Neitali and Marcelo Antonio Amaro Pinheiro

is considered as one of the economically important species with high demand in the market (Safaie et al., 2013a). The global capture production of this crab was more than 200 000 tons in 2013 (FAO, 2015). The size-weight relationship assumes an important prerequisite in studies of biology

Vanessa Harrar and Charles Spence

When deciding on a product’s quality, we often pick it up to gauge its weight. If it’s heavy enough, we tend to think that it is good quality. We have recently shown that the weight of a dish can affect the taste and quality perception of the food it contains. Here, we varied the weight of spoons in order to determine whether the weight or size of the cutlery might influence taste perception. Teaspoons and tablespoons were tested, with one of each spoon-size artificially weighted with lead hidden into the handle (teaspoons: 2.35 and 5.67 g, and tablespoons: 3.73 and 10.84 g). Participants tasted yoghurt from each spoon and rated the yoghurt’s perceived density, price, sweetness, and pleasantness. Four within-participant ANOVAs were used to test the effects of spoon size and spoon weight on each attribute. The perceived density of the yoghurt was affected by the spoon’s weight, with yoghurt from light spoons being perceived as thicker than yoghurt sampled from a heavy spoon. The perceived price of the yoghurt also varied with spoon weight such that lighter spoons made the yoghurt taste more expensive. The most reliable effect was an interaction between spoon weight and spoon size on sweetness perception: heavy teaspoons and light tablespoons made the yoghurt appear sweeter. These data support the growing body of research demonstrating that tableware (and silverware) can affect the consumer’s judgements without their being aware.

Takeharu Seno, Keiga Abe and Sachiko Kiyokawa

same way, an increase or decrease in physical weight can modulate some aspects of our perception and cognition. For example, holding heavy or light clipboards affects an interviewer’s impressions of and decisions about unrelated people, i.e., when holding heavier objects, interviewers tend to evaluate

Marc-Antoine Gavray

exegeti- cal strategies aimed at a doctrinal reconciliation; to consider a specific case, pro- vided by the doctrine of weight, which engenders a new physical theory by Simplicius. Keywords authority, exegesis, harmony, Iamblichus, Neoplatonic cursus, weight À maints égards, le Commentaire de Simplicius

Raz Kletter

Introduction Ancient scale weights are a key to understanding past weight systems and types of economy, but, as scholars of metrology know, the identification of scale weights is a complex matter. Scholars often classify as scale weights a wide variety of objects, especially if they

Felber, Heinz (Leipzig), Hitzl, Konrad (Tübingen) and Sallaberger, Walther (Leipzig)

[German version] In Mesopotamia and its neighbouring regions, weights were made of stone (primarily haematite [Haematite], or else limestone and others) or metal (bronze, copper), often in the form of a barleycorn or a loaf, or figuratively as a duck (3rd to 1st millennia), and in Assyria from the

Jan Koenderink, Andrea van Doorn and Karl Gegenfurtner

balancing of the ‘weight’ of a white patch and a black patch on a common mid-tone gray background ( Fig. 1 , top left). Such balancing is—among other things—affected by size, edge-quality, shape and position in the picture ( Dondis, 1973; Graves, 1951; Taylor, 1964; Wong, 1993 ). Here luminance per se is


MESOPOTAMIAN MENSURATION BALANCE PAN WEIGHTS FROM NIPPUR 1 BY W.B. HAFFORD* Abstract Balance pan weights are used in both manufacture and trade and therefore are a correlate of economic activity. Ancient examples can provide insight into the nature and extent of ancient economies. Many ancient

Svend Nørgaard Holm

Weight and Life Length of Hibernating Bumble Bee Queens (Hymenoptera: Bombidae) under Controlled Conditions By SVEND NØRGAARD HOLM Department of Crop Husbandry and Plant Breeding of the Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University of Copenhagen, DK-2630 Taastrup, Denmark. Abstract A large

Klaus Reinhold and Hasan Sevgili

No evidence for strategic male mating effort in response to female weight in a bushcricket Hasan Sevgili 1 , 2) & Klaus Reinhold 3) ( 2 Department of Biology, Faculty of Arts&Sciences, Harran University, Osmanbey, 63300, Sanliurfa, Turkey; 3 Department of Evolutionary Biology, Bielefeld