Worship and Social Engagement in Urban Aboriginal-led Australian Pentecostal Congregations: (Re)imagining Identity in the Spirit provides an ethnographic account of three Australian Pentecostal congregations with Aboriginal senior leadership. Within this Pentecostalism, Dreaming realities and identities must be brought together with the Christian gospel. Yet current political and economic relationships with the Australian state complicate the possibilities of interactions between culture and Spirit. The result is a matrix or network of these churches stretching across Australia, with Black Australian Pentecostals resisting and accommodating the state through the construction of new and ancient identities. This work occurs most notably in context of the worship ritual, which functions through ritual interaction chains to energise the various social engagement programs these congregations sustain.
White Women, Aboriginal Missions and Australian Settler Governments, Joanna Cruickshank and Patricia Grimshaw provide the first detailed study of the central part that white women played in missions to Aboriginal people in Australia. As Aboriginal people experienced violent dispossession through settler invasion, white mission women were positioned as ‘mothers’ who could protect, nurture and ‘civilise’ Aboriginal people. In this position, missionary women found themselves continuously navigating the often-contradictory demands of their own intentions, of Aboriginal expectations and of settler government policies. Through detailed studies that draw on rich archival sources, this book provides a new perspective on the history of missions in Australia and also offers new frameworks for understanding the exercise of power by missionary women in colonial contexts.
Stories told by Australian Aboriginal people about their childhood sound idyllic. They tell of lazy days spent with their mothers hunting lizards, digging for yams around waterholes, searching for bird eggs and fishing. These reminiscences differ from tales related by European missionaries that focus on dramatic scenes of boys’ and girls’ initiation ceremonies. Despite the stark contrast both images reflect the realities of childhood experiences in traditional communities. One relates to early childhood, the other to adolescence. Life in Australian Aboriginal societies revolves around a simple philosophy - people should leave the world as they found it. The children are born into a web of kinship that not only links them to all the members of their local community but also to the land. The above images provided glimpses of how the children learn about their country and their role in society. When Aboriginal Australians speak about ‘growing up’ their children they are referring to how they socialise them. Children are viewed as bridges between generations and growing them up are the responsibility of the whole community. Using anthropological texts and Indigenous oral histories this paper examines the construction of childhood in traditional Australian Aboriginal societies and explores its impact on how the children are socialised according to their age and gender.
1 Aboriginal I Claims to Seas in Australia Victor Prescott Professorial Fellow, Department of Geography, University of Melbourne Stephen Davis Honorary Fellow, Department of Geography, University of Melbourne ABSTRACT In 1992 the famous judgment in the Mabo (No.2 case), in the High Court of
1. I ntroduction Over 400 words have been borrowed from the Aboriginal languages of Australia into Australian English, some into other varieties of English and thence into other languages. A chronological account is provided of how English dictionaries have dealt with the commonest loans— kangaroo