Tomislav Sokol

1 Introduction Croatia has been a Member State of the European Union since 1 July 2013. The long process of acceding to the eu consisted, inter alia , of the alignment of Croatian legal system with the relevant rules of the acquis communautaire , concerning both primary and secondary Union

Dean Vuletic

you could only see… Just hold on… Hello, pioneers,” the minister now turns to his entourage, “let’s all go for ćevapi 1 !” ( Tomić 2001 : 144-5) This excerpt from Ante Tomić’s 2 novel Što je muškarac bez brkova? (What’s a Man without a Moustache?), which was the best-selling Croatian novel

Marica Šapro-Ficović and Željko Vegh

Introduction Jesuits arrived on Croatian soil in the mid-sixteenth century by invitation, shortly after the founding of the Society of Jesus. In the seventeenth century, they established high schools (called colleges) in several of the region’s cities (Dubrovnik, Zagreb, Rijeka, and Požega

Mladen Andrlić, Iva Tarle and Suzana Simichen Sopta

dynamic process, certain state responsibilities remain intact, as they should, but non-state actors have also become increasingly active in the field. This shift in modern diplomacy has also been felt in Croatia, which was ‘reborn’ and internationally recognized in the early 1990s. Croatia’s declaration

Tina Sever, Vedran Đulabić and Polonca Kovač

for the Danube Region (2011) or the Strategy for the Adriatic and Ionian Region (2014 – still in process), as examples of macro-regional approaches (see Table 1 ), within which also Slovenia and Croatia are included. 3 The article compares Slovenia and Croatia within the region of

Series:

Edited by Dino Mujadzevic

This volume of Annotated Legal Documents on Islam in Europe covers Croatia and consists of an annotated collection of legal documents affecting the status of Islam and Muslims. The legal texts are published in the original Croatian language while the annotations and supporting material are in English. By legal documents are meant the texts of legislation, including relevant secondary legislation, as well as significant court decisions. Each legal text is preceded by an introduction describing the historical, political and legal circumstances of its adoption, plus a short paragraph summarising its content. The focus of the collection is on the religious dimensions of being Muslim in Europe, i.e. on individuals' access to practise their religious obligations and on the ability to organise and manifest their religious life.

Dino Mujadžević

The Muslim community in predominantly Roman Catholic Croatia is a small minority, but its significance and current political and cultural influence in Croatia far exceed the bare numbers. This is the product of very special historical circumstances Croatian Muslims experienced. The very good

Maja Munivrana Vajda

Croatia, conflict broke out in 1991 following the country’s declaration of independence. On one side were the armed forces of the newly established state and, on the other, the federal army of Yugoslavia, supporting the interests of Serbia and ethnic Serbs. 1 It is both impossible and unnecessary to

… If You Can Turn to God, You Can Turn to Anyone!

The Role of Faith among Homeless Women in Croatia

Jadranka Rebeka Anić and Lynette Šikić-Mićanović

1 Introduction To move beyond traditional ways of measuring religion such as religious adherence and church affiliation, this article explores how homeless women in Croatia draw on their faith to confront the challenges of homelessness. In this article, faith is defined as the secure belief in God

Petar Đurić

Cancellation and abolition of specially protected tenancy rights by Croatia in the 1991–1996 period severely affected the country’s ethnic Serbs, even to the point of their disappearance. Croatia’s discriminatory laws and actions during and after the war, combined with certain other factors, resulted in the vast majority of ethnic Serbs losing their tenancy rights. This has prevented many ethnic Serbs, who left Croatia during the war, from returning to their homes. Since 80% of all urban housing in prewar Croatia was under specially protected tenancy agreements, the loss of tenancy rights by ethnic Serbs has led to most dramatic demographic changes in the urban areas, with virtually all of Croatia’s towns that were majority Serbian before the war becoming majority Croatian. This has adversely impacted the exercise of a number of minority rights of ethnic Serbs. The loss of tenancy rights has thus negatively affected ethnic Serbs both individually and collectively. As such, the chapter explores the legal basis, under international human rights law, of the right to restitution of specially protected tenancy rights in Croatia as an adequate form of redress. It argues that this is a specific right derived from other rights, notably (i) the right to respect for home and the right to peaceful enjoyment of possessions; (ii) the right to non-discrimination; (iii) the right to housing and property restitution and the right to return home; and (iv) the right to preservation and development of a minority’s identity. The chapter also considers how the right to restitution of tenancy rights in Croatia could be implemented. It suggests that the current housing programme does not provide an effective redress and that several international legal and political mechanisms, along with the European Union in particular, have failed to implement this right thus far, although there may be a recently opened possibility to bring the matter before the Court of Justice of the European Union.