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Christoph Bultmann

Evidence of a Wide Circulation Works of Christian apologetics can be a success or a failure. They may also start as a success and end up as a failure, or start as a failure and end up as a success – historians of intellectual history know of numerous and varied developments in the philosophy of

Nüssel, Friederike

The term “apologetics” denotes the enterprise of defending the truth claim of the Christian religion against critical objections. Since the historical development of Christianity included debate with other religions from the very outset, the task of apologetics was already considered necessary in

Auffarth, Christoph

In order that theologians might be provided with arguments for the ‘defense’ of church teaching in discussions with ‘unbelievers,’ apologetics was taught as part of their education. First, in the debate with ‘scientific atheism,’ and then, in Germany, in that against National Socialism, apologetics

Pöhlmann, Horst G.

Apologetics, the teaching of defense (apology) or defensive scholarship, is the thoughtful interaction of Christian faith with contemporary teachings and ideologies that are opposed to the gospel. Since misuse has led to the discrediting of the term in Roman Catholic neoscholasticism and neo

Browning, Don S., Dan, Joseph, Gilliot, Claude, Herms, Eilert, Horst, Pieter W. van der, Jongeneel, Jan A.B., Lüdemann, Gerd, Nüchtern, Michael, Skarsaune, Oskar and Usarski, Frank

of behaving, etc. in the face of other, perhaps dominant worldviews, using appropriate means, is an essential element of the history of religion. When the term apologetics is used in this context there...

Anders Klostergaard Petersen

Abstract: Apologetics has traditionally been linked to Christianity, Judaism, and one strand of the ancient Greek rhetorical tradition. In scholarly parlance the notion designates ancient Jewish and Christian works formally addressed to an external audience and undertaken in defence of the authors

Buddhist Apologetics in East Asia

Countering the Neo-Confucian Critiques in the Hufa lun and the Yusŏk chirŭi non


Uri Kaplan

While the Neo-Confucian critique of Buddhism is fairly well-known, little attention has been given to the Buddhist reactions to this harangue. The fact is, however, that over a dozen apologetic essays have been written by Buddhists in China, Korea, and Japan in response to the Neo-Confucians. Buddhist Apologetics in East Asia offers an introduction to this Buddhist literary genre. It centers on full translations of two dominant apologetic works—the Hufa lun (護法論), written by a Buddhist politician in twelfth-century China, and the Yusŏk chirŭi non (儒釋質疑論), authored by an anonymous monk in fifteenth-century Korea. Put together, these two texts demonstrate the wide variety of polemical strategies and the cross-national intertextuality of East Asian Buddhist apologetics.

Larry Hurtado

matters, particularly those of apologetics, Wright’s portrayal of Jesus’ resurrection in the New Testament, ‘metaphorical’ use of resurrection lan- guage, religious experience and devotion to Jesus, and variety in early Christian resurrection-beliefs. But the critical focus should not be misconstrued and

Aaron W. Hughes

traveled in its wake, has largely forced the academic study of Islam to adopt a set of apologetic positions. This is certainly not to make the grandiose claim that postcolonialism is by nature indebted to apologetics. In fact, its criticisms have done much to problematize many words and categories largely


Edited by Gregory Bassham

Are C. S. Lewis’s major arguments in defense of Christian belief sound? In C. S. Lewis’s Christian Apologetics: Pro and Con, defenders and critics of Lewis’s apologetics square off and debate the merits of Lewis’s arguments from desire, from reason, from morality, the “trilemma” argument for the divinity of Christ, as well as Lewis’s response to the problem of evil. By means of these lively, in-depth debates, readers will emerge with a deeper understanding and appreciation of today’s most influential Christian apologist.