James Strzok S.J.

local electric grid. Bio-Latrines and Recycling Biogas that is generated from human waste and using wastewater as a means for growing crops is rarely seen in East Africa. Generally speaking, the notion of using human waste as cooking fuel is repugnant to many local people who are careful not to

Matthew J. Silk, Julian A. Drewe, Richard J. Delahay, Nicola Weber, Lucy C. Steward, Jared Wilson-Aggarwal, Mike Boots, David J. Hodgson, Darren P. Croft and Robbie A. McDonald

integral to understanding the impact of individual behaviour in disease ecology. Both approaches have exploited the increasing availability of high resolution bio-logging technology to quantify how variation in host behaviour contributes to heterogeneity in pathogen transmission opportunities (Krause et al

Aaron Segal

improved pit latrines in Zimbabwe and to ferrocement jars for storing water in Kenya but there is little evidence of widespread diffusion.24 Pilot projects are not apparently being replicated. Problems include the need for technical exper- tise, site specific requirements, financial costs, and the need for

Per Inge Persson, Verner Michelsen and Adrian C. Pont

subject. Detailed bio- graphical information may be found in Duncan (1845) and Bryk (1952b). The portrait that is usually found at the beginning of Volume 1 of the Menioii-es (1752), also reproduced by Dun- can (1845: frontispiece) and Sj6stedt (1916: 90 172), may have appeared originally in the post

Savarimuthu Ignacimuthu S.J.

powering computers. Bio-latrines, as he explains, are even being constructed with an aim to use methane gas for cooking. Moreover, such ecological projects also serve as an exhibition of best practices and inspiration for the broader Tanzanian public and a possible source of collaboration. Strzok

Jonathan Storm and Justin Boyles

bats. Raccoons use tree cavities and buildings as den sites (Henner et al., 2004) and latrine sites (Page et al., 1998), and they are adept predators of cavity-nesting birds (Robb & Bookhout, 1995). Black rat snakes and raccoons are known preda- tors of big brown bats (Silver, 1928; Phillips, 1966

Dumping Sites, Witches and Soul-Pollution

A Pastoral Reflection on Waste and the Church in Ghana

Abamfo Ofori Atiemo

not consume so much; and did, therefore, not produce so much waste. Waste sent to the refuse dump consisted mainly of decomposable foods and bio-degradable natural material such as wood and cotton. Other forms of waste came from little processed material such as earthenware, leather, and rubber

Stephan T. Leu and Stephanie S. Godfrey

transmission processes in a multi-host system. They demonstrate that indirect contacts through the environment, in particular through shared space use at latrines, is important for tuberculosis transmission within badger populations and between badger and cattle populations. Finally, populations are

Matthew Schoffeleers

grandfather-that became a critical factor in building up the massive response to his message. 410 Chisupe's personal interpretation of his mission In a number of interviews, Chisupe reiterated that he was unhappy with western bio-medicine, not in itself but because its practitioners refused to recognize

Travis Zadeh

, and Greek could commingle and live side by side. As a category for ordering books, the word fihrist has been claimed indelibly by another bookman from Baghdad, as the short title by which Ibn al-Nadīm’s (d. 380/990) extensive bio-bibliographical survey was known over a century later; among his