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non-introduced species occurring in the study area. Patterns of species richness were different in amphibians and reptiles as we will further explore in the biogeography section below. Species richness of amphibians was highest in Western-Central Europe, while for reptiles the southern

Open Access
In: Amphibia-Reptilia

Nineteen genera are currently considered valid in the Ergasilidae. A cladistic analysis was conducted on these genera and the five genera composing the closely allied Vaigamidae. Nineteen morphological characters were selected and polarized using Anthessius (Anthessiidae) as the outgroup. The most parsimonious cladogram (tree length = 60, Consistency Index = 0.50, Retention Index = 0.71), obtained through the use of the BB command in Hennig 86, is composed of eight major clades, with the five vaigamid genera composing the most derived clade. Based on Wiley’s (1981) “sequencing” convention, the five vaigamid genera cannot be placed in a family separate from the Ergasilidae. The biogeography of the ergasilid genera is discussed. Vaigamus spinicephalus is placed separately in a new genus, Pseudovaigamus.

Open Access
In: Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde

K were selected between K = 7 ( K ref = 2.199) and K = 16 ( K ref = 4.491), with a mean of 3.177. Biogeographical analysis Biogeographical methods . Hovenkamp (1997) stated that methods that focus on the biogeography of areas, assume areas of endemism as units, and commonly employ

In: Insect Systematics & Evolution

6 BiogeographyBIOGEOGRAPHY Biogeography For this field guide, Suriname has been divided into seven biogeo­ graphical zones (Fig. 5); each zone comprising different sets of eco­ systems, each containing characteristic bird species. From north to south, the zones comprise: 1. Marine Zone 2

In: Field Guide to the Birds of Suriname

, biogeography, DNA barcoding, morphometrics, Protatlanta, shelled heteropod Abstract The genus Protatlanta is thought to be monotypic and is part of the Atlantidae, a family of shelled heteropods. These micro- scopic planktonic gastropods are poorly known, although re- search on their ecology is now increasing

Open Access
In: Contributions to Zoology
Author: A.J. de Boer

The viridis group is proposed for a supposedly monophyletic group of seven New Guinean species of the cicada genus Baeturia Stål, 1866. Three species (B. brongersma Blöte, B. rufula Blöte, and B. viridis Blöte) are redescribed and four species (B. furcillata, B. karkarensis, B. lorentzi, and B. turgida) are described as new to science. A key to the males is provided. The phylogenetic position of the viridis group within the genus Baeturia is discussed. The distribution of shared characters suggests a subdivision of the group into two subgroups. One subgroup is restricted to southern and western Irian Jaya, while the other is distributed along the coastal mountain ranges of northern New Guinea, including Karkar Island.

Open Access
In: Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde
Author: A.J. de Boer

The guttulinervis group is proposed for a monophyletic group of four northern New Guinean species of the cicada genus Baeturia Stål, 1866. B. guttulinervis Blöte, 1960, is redescribed and three species (B. biroi, B. inconstans, and B. roonensis) are described as new to science. The phylogenetic position of the guttulinervis group, within the genus Baeturia, is discussed. The distribution of shared characters suggests a sister group relationship with the conviva group. A key to the males is provided and a map of distribution is presented.

Open Access
In: Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde
Author: David B. Wake

views on topics ranging from phylogeny and morphology to taxonomy and biogeography. Phylogenetics When Gray ( 1850 ) named the Plethodontidae he included within it species currently considered plethodontids from the Americas, Hydromantes (then Geotriton ) from Europe, but also some

In: Amphibia-Reptilia
Author: A.J. de Boer

The genus Guineapsaltria is erected for eight species, distributed in New Guinea and northeastern Queensland. Five species are transferred from the genus Baeturia Stål, 1866 and redescribed, viz. G. chinai (Blöte, 1960), G. flava (Goding & Froggatt, 1904), G. pallida (Blöte, 1960),G. stylata (Blöte, 1960), and G. viridula (Blöte, 1960), while three species are described as new to science (G. flaveola n. sp., G. pallidula n. sp., and G. pennyi n. sp.). G. flava is designated as the type species of the genus. Baeturia minuta Blöte, 1960 is synonymized with Guineapsaltria flava. The phylogeny of Guineapsaltria is discussed and some remarks are made on its phylogeneticrelationships with other New Guinean and Australian tibicinid genera. A key to the males and maps of distribution are presented.

Open Access
In: Bijdragen tot de Dierkunde
Decapods are the largest, most prominent, and, unfortunately, most threatened freshwater crustaceans. Advances in Freshwater Decapod Systematics and Biology presents a selection of papers by geographical and domain experts, in taxonomy, phylogenetics, biogeography, life history, and conservation. The major groups of freshwater decapods—crabs, crayfish, prawns, and anomurans—are all represented. This volume includes a chapter commemorating Richard Bott’s influence on freshwater crab/decapod biology; descriptions of seven new species (Atyidae, Aeglidae, Pseudothelphusidae, Potamidae, and Sesarmidae); chapters on larval-based phylogenetics and molecular clock calibration; and reviews of longevity and mortality, and of the global conservation status of freshwater decapods. This volume both reflects the current state of research and serves as a primer for future work and more integrative decapod research.
Contributors include: Shane T. Ahyong, Klaus Anger, Georgina Bond-Buckup, Ludwig Buckup, Yixiong Cai, Christian Clavijo, Neil Cumberlidge, James M. Furse, Alberto S. Gonçalves, Guillermo Guerao, Alireza Keikhosravi, Sebastian Klaus, Tainã G. Loureiro, Célio Magalhães, Fernando L. Mantelatto, Jose C. E. Mendoza, , Jérôme Prieto, Silke Reuschel, Vitor Q. A. Sanches, Tobias Santl, Sandro Santos, Fabrizio Scarabino, Christoph D. Schubart, Michael Türkay, Ana Verdi, Günter Vogt, and Darren C. J. Yeo