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Taiwan—together with India, Japan and South Korea—is one of only four consolidated Asian democracies. Democratizing Taiwan provides the most comprehensive analysis of Taiwan's peaceful democratization including its past violent authoritarian experiences, leadership both within and outside government, popular protest and elections, and constitutional interpretation and amendments. Using extensive field research including the conduct of many interviews with government and party leaders, journalists, academics and a wide variety of citizens over many years as well as substantial research into documents, newspapers and academic research, Professor Jacobs provides many new insights into Taiwan's democratization. He also analyses areas in which Taiwan continues to face difficulties.
Securitization and Democratization reveals the mutual dependency between democratization and securitization, two processes that while evolving reinforce each other. The study of the democratic consolidation is complemented by the more complex and dynamic securitization elements that offer an in-depth view of the internal threats to be faced. Ms. Stefan’s analysis creates an articulated and coherent concept underlying the close dependence between democracy and security. As a study case, Romania provides a wide scale of situations in several security sectors and contributes to building a model that is operational in any post-communist society.

1 Introduction Many scholars agree that democratization in post-communist states has been and will continue to be a focus of attention for policy makers and scholars for a long time. The fall of the Berlin wall was perceived by the West as the victory over communism, and subsequently it reached

In: Southeastern Europe

two important literatures into conversation with each other: one on political change in the MENA countries and an emerging literature on the dynamics of historical democratization, what goes under the heading of the “historical turn” in democratization studies. 2 If, on the one hand, the insights of

In: Middle East Law and Governance

rights, rule of law, good governance and democratization. The Rule of Law Initiative (Ro li ) was one of three regional programs. 1 It was officially launched in November 2008. Led by Germany and France in cooperation with the European External Action Service ( eeas ) and the European Commission, the Ro

In: Central Asian Affairs
Clan societies differ substantially from Western democratic states. Clan societies are based around the extended family. Honour and solidarity are important, which is reflected in nepotism and blood revenge. However, a more positive aspect of clan societies is the use of reconciliation to solve conflicts. This guarantees that parties to a conflict can cooperate in the future. When intervening in a clan based society it is important to be aware of the differences compared to Western democracy. Based on theory and practice the cases of Afghanistan, Iraq, Albania and Chechnya are investigated. This book explains clan society and provides tools to facilitate state building and democratization in clan based societies for those who intervene, aimed at conflict resolution and democratization.
The Politics of Socio-Economic Rights in South Africa
What are the prospects and means of achieving development through a democratic politics of socio-economic rights? Starting from the position that socio-economic rights are as legally and normatively valid as civil and political rights, this anthology explores the politics of acquiring and transforming socio-economic rights in South Africa. The book brings together an interdisciplinary group of leading scholars in an examination of the multifaceted politics of social and economic policy-making, rights-based political struggles and socio-economic rights litigations. The post-apartheid South African experience shows that there is no guarantee that democracy will eliminate poverty or reduce social inequality, but also that democratic institutions and politics may provide important means for asserting interests and rights in regard to development. Thus it is argued that democratic politics of socio-economic rights may democratise development while also developing democracy.

In their initial stages, the social uprisings that defined the Arab Spring in 2011 generated a great deal enthusiasm—though more cautious expectations—that the so-called “third wave of democratization” 1 was finally set to wash ashore in the Middle East and North Africa ( MENA ), a region

In: Middle East Law and Governance
Elites, parties, and youth political organisations. 1988-2001
Post-Communist Democratisation in Lithuania: Elites, Parties, and Youth Political Organisations. 1988 – 2001 explains post-communist changes in Lithuania. The transformation of political party system, political elites and youth political organisations in Lithuania are examined in light of democratisation in other post-communist countries. By linking theories of democratisation and elites to actual events, the book provides an analytical framework for interpreting political regime change and development in Lithuania. The book is based on five assumptions: (1) democratisation in Lithuania belongs to a ‘Western type’ of democratic development; (2) elites and nationalism were the major forces in modernisation; (3) Lithuanian elites have used the favourable conditions of perestroika and were the major actors in regime transformation; (4) the crop of political elites in Lithuania undergoes a generational change, and youth political organisations are very important in this process as they serve as schools for future politicians; and (5) class theory is less useful than elite theory when analysing the process of democratisation in Lithuania.

, Indonesia, and Bangladesh) over the last two decades, as Nasr (2005:13) argues, has been rather impressive. The competing views on democratization and Islam has shoved me to consider an example of democratic struggle in a Muslim majority state to discern the state of democracy and as well as the

In: Sociology of Islam