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over a local church. There is no mention of a Roman episcopacy of Peter in the NT, although that fact alone does not mean that Peter did not exercise a position of primacy in the early church. It does imply, however, that the separate office of bishop did not exist as such in the first century. One may

in The Encyclopedia of Christianity Online
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CHAPTER FIVE JURISDICTIONAL EPISCOPACY The rise of geographical jurisdiction. The argument of our first chapter was that our traditional jurisdictional and geographically based concept of episcope was a truncated one. lt was truncated in important aspects that were being brought to our notice

In: Cultural Episcopacy and Ecumenism
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CHAPTER SEVENTEEN EPISCOPACY A. S. McGrade Most of what has been written about Hooker on episcopacy concerns his position on the origin of the bishop’s offi ce. This will be addressed in some detail, but there are also other, ‘non-foundational’ aspects of Hooker’s account deserving of

In: A Companion to Richard Hooker
Representative Ministry in Church History from the Age of Ignatius of Antioch to the Reformation. With Special Reference to Contemporary Ecumenism
Bishops are to be understood primarily as representatives of cultures regardless of where their people are territorially located. The vindication of this thesis has implications also for ecumenical reconciliation between episcopal and non-episcopal communions occupying the same geographical territory.
The author compares the approaches and insights of both Vatican II and Lambeth 89 on this issue, and then proceeds to a historical and theological analysis of the development of the threefold Order in the early centuries, which he illuminates with the aid of contemporary sociological and cultural theory, in particular that of Durkheim. Key themes in the development of Order are identified in the classical texts of Ignatius of Antioch, Irenaeus, Cyprian, Tertullian and the Church Order literature.
The author's conclusion is that we need both to break the geographical and jurisdictional mould in which our understanding of church Order has become set.
Aspects of Religious Leadership in Europe, 1100–2000
What is the base of religious leadership and how has it changed over the centuries? This volume presents a range of actors, both men and women, who, in a variety of historical contexts, claimed to be the living voices or intermediaries of God. The essays analyse the foundation of their authoritative claims and ask how and how far they succeeded in securing obedience from the Christians to whom they addressed their message. Religious authority is not understood as a monolithic entity but as something derived from many sources and claims. Whatever the national background, whether ordained or supposedly appointed through divine intervention, the histories of the people portrayed underline the long-term manifestations and multifaceted nature of Christian identity.