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The Horizontal Effect of International Human Rights Law in Practice

A Comparative Analysis of the General Comments and Jurisprudence of Selected United Nations Human Rights Treaty Monitoring Bodies

Lottie Lane

through the international legal framework, or whether non-legal approaches would better protect individuals. In other words, do we need to look beyond the current (albeit still developing) legal framework to achieve de facto horizontal effect? In order to answer this question, it is necessary to have a

Jenn-Yeu Chen, Michael Friedrich and Hua Shu

starc effect served as an index of the spatial-temporal mapping process engaged by the participants. The spatial domain tapped by the task was usually the horizontal one. To see if a starc effect was present when the spatial-temporal mapping involved the vertical spatial domain, the response keys

Patrick Cavanagh and Chieko M. Murasugi

Anisotropy in the chromatic channel: A horizontal-vertical effect* CHIEKO M. MURASUGI1 and PATRICK CAVANAGH2 1Department of Psychology, York University, 4700 Keele St., North York, Ontario, M3J-1P3, Canada and 2Département de Psychologie, Université de Montréal, C.P. 6128, succursale A

Daniel Wolff

The article discusses the proposal for a “Charter of Digital Fundamental Rights of the European Union,” whose central element is a binding effect of its fundamental rights not only to state authorities, but also to powerful private internet companies, which have a potential similar to that of the state to infringe on fundamental rights in the digital era. The article outlines the traditional German approach to fundamental rights and its underlying distinction between state and society, which makes it difficult for German scholars to handle a so-called horizontal effect of fundamental rights. Finally, the article discusses the main objections to such a horizontal effect and shows some practical problems it has the potential to cause in German and European constitutional law.

Aurelia Colombi Ciacchi

The recent Egenberger judgment of the CJEU 1 can be seen as a milestone in the European debate on the horizontal effect of fundamental rights. This decision established, with beautiful clarity, two principles (among others): Firstly, the prohibition of discrimination laid down in

Baetens, Freya

Editor: Académie de droit international de La Haye. Brill | Nijhoff, Leiden | Boston, 2015. Chapter sections: Section 1. Introductionpp. 219-221Section 2. Horizontal effect or drittwirkungpp. 221-239Section 3. Evaluation of international rules addressing private discrimination against migrant workerspp

G. Bruce Henning, Anna Zalevski and N. Jeremy Hill

Spatial Vision , Vol. 20, No. 1–2, pp. 107 – 138 (2007)  VSP 2007. Also available online - www.brill.nl/sv Cue combination and the effect of horizontal disparity and perspective on stereoacuity ANNA M. ZALEVSKI 1 , ∗ , G. BRUCE HENNING 2 and N. JEREMY HILL 3 1 Department of Experimental

The Impact of Public Law Norms on Private Law Relationships

Horizontal Effect in German, English, echr and eu Law

Justin Friedrich Krahé

Introduction To this day, the capacity of public law norms to affect the relationships between private individuals, commonly known as horizontal effect, remains an unclear and inconsistent field of law. No universally accepted theory has so far emerged, and consequently, academics and judges

Marco Fabbri

differences. Firstly, the study aimed to investigate which is the finger-counting preference in an Italian sample. Secondly, the study aimed to investigate a possible finger-counting habit effect on horizontal and vertical spatial-numerical associations in parity and magnitude comparative tasks. As in

Tsuyoshi Kuroda, Simon Grondin, Makoto Miyazaki, Katsuya Ogata and Shozo Tobimatsu

these studies directly because they differed in technical procedures as well as the experimental settings. In the present series of experiments, we addressed the potential effect of one factor differing between Guay and Grondin’s and Price-Williams’ experiments: presenting stimuli horizontally vs